Wolf Role-play Information

I have taken everything I know and found about wolf role-play and made one group so all can get a better understanding. I hope this help everyone to make their role-play more fun and entertaining.

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Aurora_Hel
Topic :   YEAR OF THE WOLF

JANUARY

"Asprey becomes more scarce in winter months wolf packs become morenomadic, often traveling up to 60 miles per day in their quest forfood. Wolves are well adapted for traveling through deep snow withtheir long legs and large, wide paws that work like snowshoes oncrusted snow.

Duringparticularly deep snows, wolves travel in single file, allowingmembers toward the back of the line to save energy. They will alsouse trails created by other animals. During blizzards, wolves oftencurl their tails over their paws and nose and let the snow covertheir bodies completely, thus providing insulation from the wind andcold.

Wolffur consists of two layers-an overcoat of long, sleek hairs and adowny undercoat that is so thick that a human finger pressed into itcannot penetrate to the wolf's skin."


FEBRUARY

"Themating season for northern altitude wolves begins in February.Typically, only the alpha (leader) pair will mate. Subordinate malepack members that attempt to mate may be severely disciplined by thealpha male, and female pack members by the alpha female.

Thealpha male and his mate seen quite playful and affectionate duringthis time, chasing and greeting each other, nipping the other's faceand ears, and grooming one another. The mating pair will often slipaway from the pack when the female is in estrus, their union creatingthe one liter of the year.

Wolvesreach sexual maturity by the age of 3, 4 or 5, but usually do notreproduce unless they achieve the alpha ranking or break off from thepack."


MARCH

"Withthe tense period of mating over, the pack's former affability andfriendliness toward one another has resumed. The Pack's nomadictendencies give way to a more stationary lifestyle centered around aden site selected for the birth of the litter.

Densare reused year to year and are most often dug out of the sides ofhills with water found nearby. The tunnel leading back to a slightlylarger inner chamber may extend from a few feet deep to as far backas 20 feet. Usually, only the pregnant female is allowed in the den.

Densites are usually higher than the surrounding ground, allowing thepack to watch over a large area."


APRIL

"Theentire pack serves in some capacity while the wolf pups are reared.Females often "baby-sit" the pups while the alpha femaleresumes hunting activity, and each pack member provides food for the5 to 12 hungry wolf pups.

Pupslick and nuzzle the mouth or head of an adult returning from a hunt,stimulating the adult to regurgitate partially digested meat. Adultsoften have to make several long trips from the kill to the den toensure the young are well fed, and at times must retreat to hiddenareas so they can digest a meal without sharing it.

Wolfpups emerge from their dark den about three weeks after birth andbegin playing, exploring and resting with the rest of the pack."


MAY

"Thealpha female, now the dominant wolf in the pack until the pups areold enough to travel, often decides to relocate to a new den when theyoung are a few months old.

Atthis age, the pups play a great deal. They are a constant bother tothe adult pack members which show a remarkably high tolerance forrough-housing pups. Early wrestling contests between litter matesalready demonstrate signs of hierarchical positioning, with the toppup showing dominance by standing over a defeated sibling in a rigidpose with tail erect.

Duringthe move to a new den site, pack members will station themselves atboth sites to protect the offspring until the move is complete."


JUNE

"Territoriesof wolf packs range from 20 to 150 square miles depending on theavailability of food. The alpha male marks th pack's territory byurinating on tree stumps and other conspicuous objects along theperimeter. These scent stations are checked and freshened frequentlywhen the pack is making its rounds along the boundary of itsterritory. Though it rarely happens, a loner wolf or another wolfpack that violates the resident pack's territory will be met with avicious defensive attack.

Territoriesbetween wolf packs are separated by "buffer zones" whichare not regularly patrolled or defended. Not surprisingly, preyanimals tend to congregate in these buffer zones."


JULY

"Everywolf pack has a social structure and every member has a certain rankin the hierarchy. Below the alpha male is a beta male who is dominantover all other males. The alpha female is dominant over all otherfemales and most males.

Thishighly organized structure is maintained though an organized,predictable set of behaviors. The dominant wolf will approach asubordinate with tail up, ears forward and mouth open. Thelower-ranking wolf will lower its tail or tuck it between its legs,lay back its ears and may even lie down, exposing its stomach to themore dominant wolf. A dominant wolf and a subordinate will alwaysshow their rank whenever they meet.

An"outcast" is the lowest ranking wolf in a pack. Remaining onthe periphery of the pack, it is forced to survive on the scrapsleft by the rest of the pack."


AUGUST

"Nextto humans, wolves may be the most adaptable of all animals. Wolvescan live in almost any climate; a few are found in deserts ortropical forests. Given enough wilderness to roam and sufficientnumbers of prey, wolves can survive and thrive almost anywhere.

Akeen sense of smell, good hearing and good vision combine to make thewolf an effective hunter in virtually every type of habitat. Inheavily wooded areas where visibilty is limited, wolves rely more ontheir sense of smell to locate prey. In mountainous areas wolves sitatop ridges for hours waiting for prey to move below them.

Wolveshave good vision and a keen sense of smell, able to detect a deerfrom more than a mile away."


SEPTEMBER

"Thefirst autumn through winter is a critical time for wolf pups. Theymust learn how to hunt and fend for themselves because once a newlitter is born in spring, some of them will be driven away from thepack's domain by the alpha pair.

Atabout one-half the size of adults, they are old enough to travel manymiles roaming each night in search of prey. Only observing at first,the young wolves learn which animals to attack, how the pack workstogether in a chase, and how to kill running prey, all valuablelessons they will call upon in the years ahead.

Adolescentwolves from the year's litter now travel with the pack on hunts. Atfirst they only watch the adults hunting tactics and kills but willsoon begin to join in the action."


OCTOBER

"Preferring to hunt at night, wolves feed primarily on large mammals such as deermoose and caribou. Hunting as a pack, wolves try to surprise prey,cut off its retreat, or ambush it.

Onaverage, only 1 in 10 animals tested will be killed, usually the old,young, sick or injured. Once wolves are able to wound their prey witha crushing bite to the exposed rump or hamstring, the pack willpounce ont their quarry and finish the kill with 2-inch-long fangsand an incredible jaw strength of 1,500 pounds per square inch.

Wolvescan run at bursts of speed of up to 35 mph but will abandon a chasequickly if a kill is unlikely or if a formidable prey puts up astrong defense."


NOVEMBER

"Tosome, the howl of a wolf is haunting, sad, or spine-chilling. Toothers, it is the beautiful, untamed song of the wilderness. Towolves, it serves a variety of purposes.

Howlingis sometimes used during a hunt to communicate position. Certainvocalizations are used when members are separated from the pack. Apack will also howl to communicate territory. Each wolf in the choruswill howl on a different note, making the pack seem larger than itreally is. Chorus howling is also heard after a successful hunt. Inaddition to sending messages, howling reinforces pack unity which mayexplain why wolves sometimes seem to howl for no reason other thanthe joy of it.

Awolf separated from its pack may issue a "lonesome howl."If answered, the wolf switches to a "location" howl that isdeeper, more even and often punctuated by barks."


DECEMBER

"Becausea pack cannot always absorb an entire litter of pups each year due tolimited food supplies, some adolescents may be driven from the packin the winter months. Sometimes the rejected wolf can find anotherlone wolf of the opposite sex and the two of them can begin a newpack. Though it is rare, these loner wolves are sometimes able tojoin neighboring packs. More often than not, however, the solitarywolf will die of starvation before spring arrives.

Thoughseemingly harsh, ostracizing young is sometimes necessary if the packis to survive on them limited prey in the territory. It is one of themany ways the balance of nature is maintained.

Somewolves that reach sexual maturity of 22 months may leave the pack toestablish a new territory, find a mate and begin a new pack."




10/05/2016 5:18 AM


Aurora_Hel
Topic :   Information on Wolves

Allthrough time the wolf has been praised as the King of the NorthAmerican animal kingdom. It has always been regarded as a creature ofboth beauty and mystery, thus deserving of both respect andfascination. Our interest in the wolf may have more to do with oursimilarities rather than our differences. Both of us exist centeredin strong family units depending on set social structure. We appointleaders of our packs that hold firm abilities to care for ourfamilies. And in both wolves and man, rituals strengthenrelationships, maintain order, and enforce discipline. Still, though,wolves remain in the wild and man has moved away, but part of usstill longs for what we once had. In the book, Brother Wolf: AForgotten Promise, author Jim Brandenburg wrote "...I feel aboutwolves something just short of jealousy. I am in awe. Theirpersistence, their endurance and their strength are beyond humancapacity."

SOMEWOLF FACTS

Species:Almost all North American wolves belong to the species called graywolves (Canis Lupus). A separate and endangered species called thered wolf (Canis Rufus) exists in the southern United States; however,almost all of them are in captivity.

Size:Adults range from 5 feet to 6 1/2 feet from nose to tip of tail,stand from 26 to 36 inches high at the shoulders and weigh between 75and 120 pounds. Female wolves are smaller than males.

PrimaryFood: Deer, moose, caribou and elk, although they will eat rabbits,beaver, rodents and fish.

Habitat:One of the most adaptable of all animals, wolves can live in avariety of habitats, preferring large areas of heavily woodedwilderness.

Range:Once widely distributed across North America, most gray wolfpopulations are in Canada and Alaska. Minnesota has a populationlarge enough to maintain itself while Wisconsin, Michigan and Montanahave less stable populations. Wolves were reintroduced to YellowstoneNational Park in 1995.

LifeSpan: Approximately 10 years in the wild.

NaturalEnemies: None. Wolves are at the top of the food chain. Only humanspose a threat to their existence.

Disposition:Although there are no reliable reports of a healthy wolf everattacking a human, avoidance is recommended. Wolves will almostalways avoid humans, though some curious animals will watch a humanfrom a safe distance.

ObservationOpportunities: Very limited because of their small numbers, solitarynature and because they are most active at night. During heavy snows,wolves may be seen on or along infrequently traveled roads.




10/05/2016 5:15 AM


Bansee
Topic :   Physical Description

Physical Description

The gray wolf, being the largest member of the Canid family, stands 26 to38 inches at the shoulder and has a length of 40 to 58 inches from the head to the base of the tail. The tail can be as long as 20 inches but are usually no shorter than 13 inches. The male is generally 15 to 20 percent larger than the female.

 

Their weight can vary in the North American wolves ranging from as low as40 to as great as 175 pounds. The average weight is in the range of 60 to 100 pounds.

 

The skull of the wolf is large and long and tapers forward, averaging nine to eleven inches long and five to six inches wide. Massive jaws form the foundation to which the strong masseter, or chewing, muscles attach. Wolves survive by using their legs and their teeth. The wolf is a coursing predator,so its eyes are on the front of its skull. The ears are large to capture sounds and they can be moved to scan and focus on sounds from different directions.The jaws have canines, sharp carnassials for cutting meat, and molars for crushing bone with very strong jaw muscles. All these characteristics are reflected in the skull.

 

Wolves tend to increase in size from south to north generally following the Bergmann's rule of increased body size from south to north. (However, the wolves in the high Arctic are an exception to the rule, and are smaller than those found in Northern Alaska and Canada.)

 

Of 169 nuisance wolves (those causing damage to property or livestock)killed in Alberta between 1972 and 1979, the average weight of the wolves was 99 pounds.

 

In general, the wolf looks like its distant cousin the dog with the exception of longer legs and larger paws. One major difference anatomically speaking is a pre-caudal gland on the upper surface of the tail, a feature totally absent in all domestic dogs.

 

The gray wolf has a broad face, which often has a broader appearance due to the ruff of fur below its ears. Their eyes are usually a golden-yellow color,and shine a greenish-orange at night. 

 

A wolf's body is built for travel. It's chest is narrow to allow it to push off more easily, especially through deep snow.

 

The coat of the wolf tends to be very thick and fluffy, especially in the northern regions where it gets colder in the winter, as compared to their southern counterparts which tend to be more sparse. The wolf has a double coat of fur and actually has three capes. Long guard hairs on top, which can be as long as four inches, work like an umbrella to help shed moisture like a raincoat. Their underfur keeps the wolf warm in the cold months and the wolf sheds the undercoat in the summer. This is particularly useful in locations such as the Mexican desert where the wolf can withstand temperatures from -60degrees to 115 degrees. That's a difference of 175 degrees! Thick winter coats are grown in the fall, which tend to add 1/3 to their bulk. They slowly shed their thick winter coats slowly in the spring. The females generally lose their coats more slowly than their male counterparts. The wolf's mask is made to draw attention to the eyes since eye contact is so important with the wolf. The way the fur falls around the eyes accents the eyes, making them look much larger than they are.

Color

Wolves' fur is many different colors. In 1944, Stanley Young wrote"The color of the North American wolves... varies greatly, so much so that  it is relatively unimportant for the scientific description of the wolves." Even a wolf that generally appears gray really has a coat of many colors. White, black, gray, and brown hairs are intermingled, with darker fur usually predominating along the center of the back and tail. The wolf's underside, legs, ears, and muzzle are often tawny. Very old wolves tend to be grayer than younger ones. The colors of a wolf's fur can make it hard to see inits natural habitat. The colors of the fur may blend in with background colors in the habitat and cause a wolf to "disappear." Wolves that spend a lot of time in dark forests often have dark fur. In places where the plants are many different colors, the fur of the wolves is often many different colors.The ears are also highlighted to be seen against a dark or light background.The edge of the wolf's ears are usually highlighted for contrast against dark,and the inside of the wolf's ears are dark for contrast against light. It is also fairly common to have variations in color in one litter. Colors can range from pure white to all black.

Teeth

 

The jaws of a wolf are very powerful. They are twice as strong as a German Shepherds' jaw, exerting pressure as much as 1,500 lbs per square inch according to Barry Lopez in Of Wolves and Men.

 

Out of the wolf's forty-two teeth, forty help the wolf in securing its prey. The configuration of teeth in a wolf's' mouth is as follows: The upper jaw has 6 incisors, 2 canines, 8 premolars, and 4 molars. While the bottom jaw has6 incisors, 2 canines, 8 premolars, and 6 molars.

 

The incisors at the front of the jaw are used to cut the flesh of their prey. The largest teeth are the canines, or fangs, which may reach two and a quarter inches in total length, including the portion embedded in the jaw,pierce into the flesh to hold their prey. The premolars and molars are used for slicing and grinding the food. The last premolars in the upper jaw and first molars in the lower jaw, also know as the carnassials, are designed especially to slice and shear the flesh. The last molars are used for grinding and pulverizing the food prior to digestion.

Voice

Wolves make four types of sounds: howl, bark, whimper, and growl. Howling is the most familiar wolf vocalization to everyone. When wolves howl together they harmonize, rather than howl the same note, creating an impression of more animals howling than actually are. Wolves don't need to stand to howl. They can howl lying down or sitting. Apparently, wolves howl to assemble the pack,especially before and after the hunt; to pass on an alarm, especially at theden site; to locate each other in a storm or in unfamiliar territory; and to communicate across great distances. There is no evidence that wolves howl atthe moon, or more frequently during a full moon. Wolves only infrequently bark,and it is a quiet "woof" more often than a dog-type bark. They do notbark continuously like dogs but woof a few times and then retreat, as for example when a stranger approaches the den. Barks reported from the field areassociated with a pack's being surprised at its den and an animal, usually thefemale, rising to bark a warning. Growling is heard during food challenges and,like the bark, is part of threat behavior or an assertion of rights in somesocial context. Growling is more common among pups when they're playing. Pupsalso growl when they jerk at the ruff of a reclining adult, and comically willeven try to growl adults off a piece of food. Another type of growl is ahigh-pitched one that begins to sound like a whine and often precedes asnapping lunge at another wolf. Perhaps the most interesting sounds are thewhines and high-pitched social squeaks associated with greeting, feeding thepups, play, pen pacing and other situations of anxiety, curiosity, and inquiry.They are the sounds of intimacy.

Wolf Senses

It has been stated that the wolf possesses sharper vision, hearing, andsmell than the domestic dog. Most wolf biologists agree that the most acute ofthe wolf senses is that of smell.

Smell

The wolf's sense of smell is about 100 times better than a human's. It usesits sense of smell more than anything else to find prey, with the ability tosmell prey before it can see it, more than a mile away if the wind is right. Awolf's nose can smell things that your nose can't. Like your nose, the insideof a wolf's nose contains moist surfaces that "catch" smells in theair, however the area receptive to smell in a wolf nose is 14 times greaterthan that of a human. The wolf's nose has about five times more surface areathan yours does, so it can catch more smells from the air than you can. It caneven sense the presence of an animal three days after it's gone! The noseitself is not five times larger than a human nose. For all the extra smellingsurface to fit inside, it must be wrapped and folded many times. An experimentwas performed at one time with covered trays of food to test the relativesenses of smell between wolves and dogs. What required only five minutes forthe wolves to determine which tray contained food took domestic dogs over anhour to discover.

Hearing

The sense of smell is probably the most acute sense the wolf has next tohearing. It is believed that the upper range of a wolfs' hearing is upwards of80 kHz. The upper range of humans is only 20 kHz. It is stated that a wolf canhear up to 6 miles away in forest and 10 miles in open areas, including somehigh-pitched sounds that even a human can't hear, in the range where bats andporpoises produce sound. Even when it sleeps, a wolf's ears stand straight upso it can catch sounds made by other animals at all times. This helps the wolfcatch prey, and lets it know when danger is near. Their large, pointed ears actlike big scoops to catch lots of sound. Unlike humans, wolves can easily tellwhat direction sound is coming from by turning their ears from side to side.The direction the ears are pointing when the sound is loudest tells the wolfwhich direction the sound is coming from, which can help them locate rodentsunder a snow pack.

Sight

The wolf relies on its sense of hearing as well as smell more so thansight. Their vision is comparable to that of humans. The wolfs eyes lacks afoveal pit. A depression at the back of the eyeball. This is what is used tofocus at greater distances. It is believed that they can not distinguish muchbeyond 100 to 150 feet. This is possibly one reason why the wolf mask accentstheir facial features and ears so greatly. Their myopia evidently stems fromthe absence of the fovea centralis, the tiny pit at the back, center of theretina which, in humans, primates and some other animals provides the point ofsharpest vision. Just how clearly a wolf sees when looking directly at anobject is, of course, impossible to know, but it seems evident that beyond ashort distance their vision must be somewhat blurred, rather like that of aphotograph taken with a wide-open lens at a slow shutter speed, as opposed toan exposure taken with the smallest lens aperture at a fast speed.Nevertheless, wolves can see shapes and, especially, movement over longdistances, and their peripheral vision is extremely accurate. They are able todetect even the slightest movements of very small animals, such as a mosquito,at a distance of more than ten feet and the movement of larger animals atconsiderable distances. There is some controversy as to whether wolves see incolor or black and white. Regardless, it is unlikely that they see the varioushues of the spectrum as humans see them, because the physical makeup of the eyeis different. Nighttime vision for wolves is many times better than humanvision in the day or night. Wolves can actually see much better and even muchmore clearly at night. The eyes of the wolf are like most predators, with asight-field of nearly 180 degrees and pointed forward.

Taste

Although it is very difficult to test for taste due to the fact that smellplays a major role in tasting it is known that canines possess taste receptorsfor four categories: salty, bitter, sweet, and acidic.

 

Tracks

Wolf tracks consist of 4 pad prints plus claws, very similar to that of adomestic dog. Their front paws can be up to 5 1/4" long and 3¾ to 4½inches in width. There are five toes on a wolf's front paws and only four onthe rear paws. The fifth on the front is called a dew claw. The dew claw is notfor hunting or protection however, it does aid the wolf in digging dens as wellas going after small prey animals that live in burrows. The back feet areslightly smaller and are usually about 3¾ long and 3¼ in width. Thick, rugged,and blocky when the toes are together, the foot can also sprawl, allowing thetoes to grasp rocks, logs, and other uneven or steep surfaces. When walking,the wolf holds its foot in the blocky fashion, reducing area and friction.However, during tricky maneuvering, the toes can spread far apart, much increasingthe surface and friction. Tales of wolf prints being the size of pie plates istotally unrealistic. When tracks are left in soft media such as sand or mudthey will appear to be larger than usual. When left in snow and the snow meltsthey appear to be very huge. In order to walk better in the snow, one wolf willmake the initial trail and all other wolves will follow by stepping in theoriginal footprints. Wolves run on their toes, this lengthens their legs andmakes it possible for them to run faster - up to 40 miles per hour, in fact.The gait of a wolf is between 25 and 38 inches.



09/25/2016 7:26 AM


Aurora_Hel
Topic :   RP Groups List

I would like to have a place where you can list any RolePlay Groups you may have. So under this post you can add the groups you would like to advertise. Please do keep this list only general RolePlay groups no Adult groups.
Thanks 



07/29/2016 6:56 AM


Aurora_Hel
Re :   Inferni Ranks

Inferni Ranks
The Inferni ranks are quite different from pack ranks, as the Inferni prefer to have a smaller, stricter hierarchy, distinctly different from the wolf hierarchy. 

Fuhrer
2, each gender
German: Leader.
The main leader rank. Only two coyotes can hold this rank, female and male respectively. The leader is responsible for order and unity within the clan, and will not tolerate anything from those under her or his command—everyone in the clan is expected to adhere sharply to rules and orders given by the Fuhrer at all times.
Zweiten
1, either gender
German: Second. 
The secondary, "subleader" rank. Only one coyote may hold this rank and can be of either gender, as they serve as a head scout of sorts, often travelling along with the Ausblick and Soldat ranked coyotes to ensure that all of the borders are safe and well guarded.
Beirant
1, either gender 
German: Advisor. 
The "advisor" rank. Usually only held by one coyote of either gender, the Beirant serves as the ears and eyes of the leader amongst the lower ranked, often picking up on the morale of the clan. the Beirant serves also as a diplomat to "foreign" coyotes/wolves at the border. Often works close to the Fuhrer and Zweiten, in addition to the Ausblick ranked coyotes.
Soldat
1-2, either gender 
German: Soldier.
The "solider" rank. This rank is only merited to coyotes who prove to hold their own in spars or actual fights against a set opponent. They serve as Inferni's strongest defense and are often key users of tactical offensive and defensive manuvers to ensure the well-being of the clan.
Ausblick
6, either gender 
German: Scout 
The "scout" rank. Ausblicks are often relied on to watch the borders day and night for suspicious activity and are to report to those above them from time to time. The Ausblick rank is equal to Apotheke.
Apotheke
3, either gender 
German: Medic, literally, pharmacy. 
The "apothecary" rank. Apothekes are usually coyotes that are familiar with simple healing and/or have knowledge of caring for injured coyotes. However, if the placed coyote lacks the knowledge, he or she is required to learn.
Subordinate
Unlimited, either gender 
English: "Subject to the control of another." 
The "member" rank. Subordinates are more or less the lifeblood of the clan. While they do not have a set job, they often "shadow" their peers in hopes of gaining their rank. Subordinates are often coyotes who are newer, but usually have been within the clan for quite some time but have not proved themselves just yet.
Youth
Unlimited, either gender 
English: Young. 
the "puppy" rank. usually, those in the Youth rank are under a year, and are often born into the clan rather than accepted. Youths do not have a job, and are often watched by those in the Subordinate rank from an early age, Youths are taught right from wrong in the best possible ways available, and are also under a strict discipline by the adults.
Rogue
Unlimited, either gender 
English: Loner 
The "omega" rank. This rank is usually given to coyotes that are estranged from the clan or are extremely new. Rogues are coyotes who must prove themselves worthy in order to advance to Subordinate, and are also closely watched by those above them as coyotes in these ranks are sometimes drifters who do not wish to pledge anything to the clan, and are nothing more than dead weight.



07/29/2016 5:54 AM


Aurora_Hel
Re :   Pack Exclusive Co-Ranks

Pack Exclusive Co-Ranks
These co-ranks are like regular co-ranks, except they are only available to wolves of a particular pack.

Firestarter
Exclusive to: Chimera 
1-2, either gender 
English: One who starts fires.
A wolf with knowledge of starting, and controlling fires. Due to Chimera's lands being less than affluent, ash enriches the soil and makes the territory thrive when the weather conditions are good. The wolf is responsible for starting and mainting fires that feed the sparse territory.
Forecaster
Exclusive to: Storm 
1-2, either gender 
English: Weather person.
The Forecaster is essentially the pack's weatherman/woman. They're knowledgeable on the subject of meteorology and should be able to read natural signs regarding changes in weather, severe or not. They can fairly accurately predict weather for such purposes as future pack hunts or gatherings, etc.
Terapueta
Exclusive to: Clouded Tears 
1-2, either gender 
English: Therapist.
The pack therapist. One of the pack's peace makers and mental health advisors. Helps wolves deal with any and all problems they may be facing, someone to talk to when no one else is around. Works closely with the pack's Apothecary.
Prolific
Exclusive to: Jaded Shadows 
1-2, either gender 
English: Producing abundant works or results.
Jaded Shadows seems to be something of a treasure trove of talent, with Sedition's wood carvings, Fatin and Thanos' painting, Shaeniire's storytelling, so this co-rank will celebrate a useful pack artistic talent that encompasses something different from the Baird in which no storytelling will be all that applicable, but instead other modes of expression.


07/29/2016 5:53 AM


Aurora_Hel
Re :   Co-Ranks


Co-Ranks
Co-ranks are given to wolves with exceptionally special skills or a special talent. These skills are atypical and do not fall within a specific pack's ranking system, so a wolf with a special skill will be given a co-rank to perform his or her skill in. 

Apothecary
1-2, either gender 
English: Medic.
The Apothecary is responsible for knowing and memorizing healing techniques of the pack. An apothecary must be skilled in healing, and must prove this to the pack.
Aufpasser
1-2, usually female 
German: "Caretaker." 
The Aufpasser is the pack's puppysitter. Aufpassers are responsible for the pack's young and their safety. An Aufpasser must, at all times, have good knowledge of where the puppies in a pack are. This wolf is expected to teach puppies, with the assistance of parents [if applicable] skills they will need to know as adults. The aufpasser is definitely expected to teach the young puppies mannerism and the wolf laws.
Baird
1-2, either gender 
English: "Singer, storyteller" 
The baird is responsible for keeping pack traditions alive and well, and acts sort of as a storyteller for the pack. Often works closely with the aufpasser.
Jester
1-2, either gender 
English: Jokester 
The jester is the playful wolf of the pack responsible for comic relief. Jesters often start up games and playfights, and is the light-hearted spirit of the pack.


07/29/2016 5:53 AM


Aurora_Hel
Re :   Member Ranks

Member ranks are the typical pack wolves, expected to perform the duties listed for them.
Altester/Altesterin
1, either gender 
German: Roughly means "elder." 
Altesters are often times one of the most experienced wolves in the pack, though not necessarily an aged wolf. Altesters are usually a long-time member, and have many tales of how the pack came to be, and history of members, as well. These "elders" are fountains of advice and entertaining stories.
Lehrer/Lehrerin
1, either gender 
German: Roughly means "trainer." 
The Lehrer is the trainer of the pack, responsible for teaching Lehrlings their place in the pack and also teaching them a skill useful to the pack.
Jager Fuhrer/ Jager Fuhrerin
1, either gender 
German: Roughly means "lead hunter." 
The Jager Fuhrer is the most skilled hunter of the pack, responsible for keeping track of possible food sources throughout the pack territories. The Jager assists the puppysitter in teaching any puppies of the pack how to hunt. The Jager is the leader of both the Jagerchen and the Jager Fischer.
Jager/Jagerin
2, either gender 
German: Roughly means "hunter." 
The Jagers are the hunters beneath the Jager Fuhrer. Jager Fuhrers and Jagers are expected to work closely together to monitor food supplies, teach young wolves hunting trades, and helping the Alphas lead hunts.
Wahrer/Wahrerin
1, either gender 
German: Roughly means "protector". 
This wolf is the head spaher. He or she is responsible not only for helping the alpha, beta, gamma, and spahers with border-duty but is also responsible for the pack's safety, as well as checking and making sure that little gets by the pack's borders without their knowing so. They are also somewhat of an "apprentice" to the gamma (though there is no guarantee that a Wahren will end up as a Gamma) in that they assist the gammas sometimes in their duties and also act as a bodyguard for the gamma.
Spaher/Spaherin
2, either gender 
German: Roughly means "scout." 
Spahers are the pack's pair of scouting wolves. Spahers are expected to assist at the borders, and also upkeep a secure pack territory. Any threats to the pack found out by the spahers are to either be dealt with immediately or reported to a higher authority. Spahers are responsible for showing newcomers to the pack the "ropes" of the pack.>
Graduierter/Graduierterin
1, either gender 
German: Roughly means "graduate." 
The graduierters are the "head lehrlings." They've already been trained by the Lehrer and are ready to move up into the upper ranks. The Graduierter may be responsible for assisting the Lehrer in training new Lehrlings.
Subordinate
Unlimited, either gender 
English: Means "subject to the authority or control of another". 
Subordinates are the general members of the pack, with no defined job. These wolves are responsible for assisting with every pack job.
Omega
1, either gender 
Greek: Last letter of the alphabet. Equivalent to "O". 
The omega wolf is the lowest ranking pack member. This rank is dealt out only as a punishment. Omegas must eat last at pack hunts, and are punished thoroughly if they are caught stealing before it is their turn.
Lehrling
3, either gender 
German: Roughly means "learner." 
Lehrlings are the official apprentices of the pack, and this is offical "adolescent" rank. Those between 7 and 12 months train and work towards improving their skills so that they might move up in the ranks and replace those that they are trained by when their trainers age or are injured/killed on the job. Lehrlings are trained by the other members of the pack, in the hopes that they can learn new skills and sharpen old ones.
Puppy Ranks
Erste (2), Zweite (1), Dritte, Vierte; used as needed: Fünfte, Sechste, Siebte, Achte, Neunte, Zehnte 
5, either gender 
German: Counting up: "first," "second," "third," etc. 
The puppy ranks are the loosest hierarchy of the pack. Their ranking system is much like a miniature adult ranking order, and the puppies "fight" to get on top of it. None of the ranks hold any special function, and the primary purpose of such a system is to educate the puppies on what it will be like when they are adults and in the real world.


07/29/2016 5:41 AM


Aurora_Hel
Topic :   Rants

Leader ranks are given access to the Leader Hideout forum. All leader ranks, from Alpha to Gamma, are expected to assist in selecting ranks, choosing a monthly Spotlight Soul, and help run the pack in character. 

Alpha
2, one of each gender 
Greek: "α", the first letter of the alphabet. 
Alphas are the law within a pack. An alpha is responsible for the care of the pack, and are expected to maintain a strict hierarchy within a pack, as well as a sense of order. An alpha's duties range from organizing hunts with the Jager Fuhrer to accepting and rejecting newcomers at the pack borders. An alpha may also wish to maintain good relations with his or her neighbors.
Beta
2, one of each gender 
Greek: "β", the second letter of the alphabet. 
The Beta's chief duty is to keep the peace within a pack. If a dispute arises, the Beta is expected to be the official judge. Betas are to be sought out when a pack member has an argument with another. Betas are the pack's second in command, and are greatly respected in the hierarchy. A beta is expected to assist the alpha in all pack duties, especially at the borders.
Gamma
1, either gender 
Greek: "γ", the third letter of the alphabet. 
Gammas are the spies of the pack. Gammas monitor the other packs activity [for example, how many newcomers that pack is getting] and are expected to know this, and be able to report this information back to the alphas at any given time. Gammas are also responsible for aiding the alphas and betas with the exception process.


07/29/2016 5:39 AM


Aurora_Hel
Topic :   Body Postures You Should Know and Use

1. Tail held high and standing tall, represents a more dominate wolf, shows all others her/his rank in the pack. 
2. Tail down or between the legs, lowered body shows submission 
3. Ear straight up and baring teeth shows anger. 
4. Rolling on the back exposing throat and neck and whimpering also shows 
submission. 
5. Squinting of the eyes and ears pulled back shows that a wolf is suspicious. 
6. Flattening the ears against the head and whimpering shows fear. 
7. Dancing around and putting front of body down, while still having backside or bum in the air and barking shows a playful wolf 
8. Tongue lolling out of mouth also shows happiness 
9. Fur bristled and lips curled up revealing incisors and snarling shows anger 
10. Barking, howling and other dog noises can show various emotions depending on how they are used and worded


06/25/2013 9:00 PM


Aurora_Hel
Re :   The Wolf Chronology

Grey wolf 
Canis lupus 
Grey wolves had the largest natural distribution of any mammal except human beings. Sadly, they can no longer claim this record as they have been lost from much of their former range. 



Subspecies 
There are several subspecies of the grey wolf, including the timber wolf, the Rocky Mountain wolf, the Arctic wolf, the Mexican wolf, the Japanese and the Indian wolf. 



Life span 
In the wild, wolves tend to live for less than 10 years. In captivity, they can live for up to 20 years. 



Statistics 
Body length: 100-160cm, Tail length: 30-50cm, Standing height: 50-100cm, Weight: 15-80kg. 



Physical description 
The grey wolf is primarily grey or brown, but can range in colour from white to black. The belly and throat are lighter, and the legs, snout and ears are light brown to cinnamon. The male is usually 20 per cent bigger than the female. 



Distribution 
Wolves were once widely distributed across much of Eurasia from the Arctic to the Mediterranean, and in North America, their distribution extended from the far north to the Sierra Madre in Mexico. 
Today the grey wolf can only be found in Canada, Upper Peninsula of Michigan and Wisconsin in the USA, Russia, and pockets of East Europe. 



Habitat 
Grey wolves are very adaptable to different terrain. They live in tundra, steppe, open woodland and forest. 



Diet 
They feed on large ungulates, beaver, small mammals, domesticated animals and rubbish. 



Behaviour 
Grey wolves live in a pack numbering anywhere from two to twenty members. Usually made up of wolves who are related to each other, the pack is a very tightly knit, highly organised group, travelling, hunting and raising pups together. 

The pack follows a strict hierarchy to help maintain order. The alpha wolf (the leader), is usually female and rules the rest of the pack. 



Reproduction 
Wolves mate at the end of winter, and the pups are born after a gestation period of nine weeks. They are born in litters of between two and 10 pups. Once the pups leave the den, they are looked after by the entire pack, and so will bond with the other wolves. 



Conservation status 
Grey wolves have been eradicated in Western Europe, except in small populations in 10 countries. They have suffered from direct human persecution, long term habitat disturbance and diseases spread by domestic dogs. The Spanish/Portuguese sub-population is classified as Lower Risk, and the Italian subpopulation is considered to be Vulnerable. The Mexican subpopulation is classified as Extinct in the Wild, after their numbers were reduced to only 10 in the 1990s.


06/25/2013 9:00 PM


Aurora_Hel
Topic :   The Wolf Chronology

20,000 B.C. - Cave drawings of wolves are made in southern Europe. 

5,000 B.C. - Early agricultural settlements in southwest Asia come into conflict with wolves.


2,300 B.C. - First reference to a wolf in Western literature occurs in the Epic of Gilgamesh. 

800 B.C. - Numerous references to wolves are made in Homer's epic poem The Iliad. 

500 B.C. - Aristotle describes wolves in his writings. 

A.D. 30 - Jesus Christ uses wolf parables to illustrate moral principles. 

70 - Pliny the Elder provides a detailed pseudoscientific account for wolves in his book, Natural History. 

70 - Plutarch describes the legend of Romulus and Remus, founders of Rome who were raised by wolves, in his Putative Lives of the Noble Greeks and Romans. 

600 - During the European Middle Ages, legends of werewolves and beliefs that wolves are associated with devils abound. 

750 - Beowolf, the oldest of the major narrative poems in English, is composed; the protagonist, named for wolf, slays a monster named Grendel. 

1600 - William Shakespeare employs dozens of wolf references in his plays. 

1630 - First wolf bounty law passed by the Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

1632 - First wolf bounty law passed by the Virginia Bay Colony. 

1697 - New Jersey offers a wolf bounty. 

1750 - Wolves become extinct in the Scottish Highlands at the hands of Lochiel, a clan chieftain, because they "preyed on the red deer of the Grampians." Wolves are similarly persecuted in western Europe, but do not become extinct in France, Italy, or Spain as they do in other countries. 

1758 - Linnaeus recognizes the wolf as a circumpolar species and gives the species the Latin name Canis lupus Linnaeus. 

1790 - Russian and German naturalists report wolves in Alaska. 

1793 - Wolf bounty is offered in Ontario. 

1805 - Explorers Meriwether Lewis and William Clark encounter wolves in the Far West. 

1808 - Zebulon Pike reports wolves in what is today Colorado. 


1819 - The government expedition of Major Stephen Long encounters wolves in large numbers in Colorado. 

1823 - As with earlier government expeditions, trapper/explorer James Ohio Pattie documents wolves living in close association with extensive prey populations. 

1832 - Artist George Catlin paints Buffalo Hunt Under the Wolf-skin Mask, depicting two Pawnee warriors hunting buffalo disguised as wolves, and White Wolves Attacking a Buffalo Bull, which portrays two dozen wolves killing an old bull buffalo. These paintings are later exhibited in New York, London, and Paris. 

1835 - America's first internationally known writer, Washington Irving, describes wolves in what is today Oklahoma in his travel narrative A Tour on the Prairies; he is the first professional writer to do so. 

1840s - Tens of thousands of settlers head west on the Oregon Trail and the Santa Fe Trail. Increasing settlements come into conflict with wolves and their prey species as the entire Great Plains ecosystem begins to be destroyed. 

1860s - Western railroad expansion brings buffalo market hunters to the Far West, decimating the great buffalo herds. 

1870s - First cattle drives introduce livestock into previously remote mountain habitat for wolves; sheep herds will come later, leading to even more destruction of wolves and other predators. 

1872 - Yellowstone National Park is established in northwestern Wyoming. 
1880s - Theodore Roosevelt reports wolves are becoming scarce in the Dakotas. 

1884 - U.S. Biological Survey is formed ( a precursor to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service). 

1894 - Nature writer Ernest Thompson Seton kills the Currumpaw wolf of New Mexico and his mate, Blanca. Seton will eventually write a book, Lobo, King of the Currumpaw, about this experience. 

1897 - Frederic Remington paints Moonlight Wolf, depicting a solitary Great Plains wolf (Canis lupus nubilus), a subspecies that would become extinct in a few years. 

1899 - Wolf bounty is offered in Alberta. 

1909 - Aldo Leopold kills a mother wolf and pups in the Apache National Forest of Arizona. This incident will later inspire his seminal essay "Thinking Like a Mountain" written in 1944 and published posthumously in 1949. 

1909 - Wolf bounty is offered in British Columbia. 

1914 - Congress designates U.S. Biological Survey as chief predator control agency. 

1915 - First professional trappers and hunters hired by U.S. Biological Survey; their heyday will run through 1942 as wolfers operate in Colorado, Wyoming, Montana, the Dakotas, Arizona, and New Mexico. 

1915 - Wolf bounty offered in Alaska. 


1916 - National Park Service Act is signed into law, mandating protection of wildlife and maintenance of recreational opportunities. 

1916 - The American Far West is divided into control districts by U.S. Biological Survey, thus paving the way for the systematic extermination of all predators through use of poisoned baits (strychnine; Compound 1080 after 1944) and steel leg-hold traps; eventually airplanes and helicopters will be used. 

1925 - Last wolf in South Dakota ("Old Three Toes") is killed. 

1926 - Since 1914 about 120 wolves have been killed in Yellowstone National Park; after 1926 there are no viable reports of wolves or wolf activity in northwestern Wyoming for a number of decades. 

1927 - Last wolf in eastern Montana is killed. 

1929 - German novelist Herman Hesse publishes Steppenwolf, a novel that links the impulsive, atavistic nature of man with the same quality of the wolf of the eastern European/western Asian steppes. 

1929 - Ernest Thompson Seton publishes Lives of the Great Animals, a seminal work of natural history. 

1933 - Wolf bounty law is repealed in Montana. 

1934 - Wildlife biologist Adolph Murie begins his study of the coyote in Yellowstone National Park and confirms the wolf in now extirpated. Murie also establishes that the coyote poses no threat to the major game species, most notably elk, that migrate out of the park into national forests, where they can be hunted. 

1939 - Adolph Murie begins a two-year study of the relationship between the sub artic wolf (Canis lupus pambasileus) and the Dall sheep (Ovis ovis dalli); Murie concludes that the wolf has a "salutary effect" on the prey species, a finding that stirs much controversy in the National Park Service. 

1943 - Last wolf in Colorado is killed in Upper Conejos River near Platoro Reservoir. 


1944 - Stanley Young's The Wolves of North America (a mixture of fact and folklore) is published. Adolph Murie's The Wolves of Mount McKinley is published; it is the first scientific treatise on the species. Murie is the first professional photographer to extensively document the wolf in the wild. 

1948 - Special Act of Congress permits wolf trapping in Mount McKinley National Park over the objections of Adolph Murie and other biologists. Murie later is forced to play a role in this eradication measure, which results in the artificially elevated numbers of caribou seen in the park in the 1960s and 1970s (before the caribou population collapse). 

1950s - Aerial hunting of wolves in Alaska and Canada begins in earnest. 

1960s - Persistent unconfirmed wolf sightings in Yellowstone National Park will continue until the present time. Radio-collared Alaskan wolves have covered up to 400 miles in one year, so the possibility that the Yellowstone wolves came from Canada cannot be ruled out (nor can the covert release of wolves by unknown parties). 

1962 - L. David Mech completes his doctoral dissertation on the wolves of Isle Royale National Park. (This wolf population will later be decimated by canine distemper in the late 1980s.) 

1963 - Canadian writer Farley Mowat publishes Never Cry Wolf; a highly successful film will later (1983) dramatize Mowat's adventures in the Canadian Artic and for the first time portray wolves positively to the public in cinema. Leopold report recommends predator restoration. 

1964 - Wilderness Act is signed into law; it protects former wolf habitat for future restoration projects (though not by design). 

1970 - Mexican wolf killed Peloncillo Mountains of New Mexico. 

1970 - L. David Mech publishes The Wolf; Ecology and Behavior of an Endangered Species. 


1970s - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service captures Mexican wolves in Mexico for captive breeding. 

1970s - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service captures red wolves in Texas and Louisiana for captive breeding. 

1970s - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service extensively studies the Minnesota wolf populations. 

1971 - Quebec ends wolf bounty. 


1972 - Ontario ends wolf bounty. 

1973 - Edangered Species Act is passed into law. The 1982 amendments will put enforcement strength into the act and provide further clarification on restoration issues. 

1974 - Yellowstone wolf search involves 1,800 hours of airplane over flights and reveals only one "wolf-like canid." 

1976 - Encouraged by National Park Service officials, Colorado State University graduate student Herb Conley writes a thesis on the restoration of wolves to Rocky Mountain National Park, where the burgeoning elk populations are destroying habitat, as in Yellowstone. 

1976 - Two red wolves are released on Bulls Island off the South Carolina coast. 

1978 - Barry Lopez publishes Of Wolves and Men. 

1979 - Mexican Wolf Recovery Team is appointed; recovery plans for the red wolf and the northern Rocky Mountain gray wolf are also institutionalized at this time. Durward Allen publishes The Wolves of Minong: Their Vital Role in a Wild Community. 

1980 - Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA) is signed into law. It doubles the National Park system and triples national wilderness acreage in Alaska. 

1980s - Discussions of northern Rocky Mountain grey wolf recovery focus on Yellowstone, central Idaho, and northwestern Montana. 


1982 - Montana biologist Diane Boyd completes her thesis on a migrant wolf on the North Fork of the Flathead River near Glacier National Park; during the late 1980s several wolf packs will establish themselves in this region of the United States. 

1982 - Arizona wildlife manager David E. Brown publishes The Wolf in the Southwest, which documents the eradication by the federal government of the southern Rocky Mountain gray wolf and Mexican wolf in Arizona and New Mexico. 

1983 - Film version of Never Cry Wolf is released. 

1985 - Retired professor Alston Chase alleges in his controversial book Playing God with Yellowstone that the National Park Service secretly tried to restore wolves to Yellowstone. 

1986 - Eight red wolves arrive at Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge in coastal North Carolina; after acclimatization they will later be released, with mixed results in terms of adaptation and survivability. 

1986 - L. David Mech begins study of arctic wolves in Canadian high Arctic. 

1988 - Wolves killed in northwestern Montana by federal agents after livestock depredations. 

1988 - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service report concludes White Sands Missile Range in southern New Mexico is a suitable location for Mexican wolf restoration. Army raises objections but drops them in 1991, while livestock interests continue to oppose this. Other sites discussed include Big Bend National Park in Texas, the Gila Wilderness Area in New Mexico, and several wilderness locations in Arizona. 

1990s - Wolves are confirmed in Washington, Idaho, and North Dakota. 

1991 - Two red wolves arrive at Cades Cove, Tennessee, to be prepared for release in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Red wolves have also been released by this time in Florida, Mississippi, South Carolina, and Alabama in various study projects. (A total of thirty-five red wolves are alive in captivity by 1991, including those in North Carolina.) 

1992 - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Director John Turner endorses a blue-ribbon report recommending restoration of the gray wolf to Yellowstone National Park; the environmental assessment process further studies the potential effects of reintroduction on other species, including the threatened grizzly bear (to be completed in May 1993). 

1992 - The film Dances with Wolves portrays wolves in a positive light and wins several Academy Awards. 

1992 - Rick Bass publishes The Nine-mile Wolves, which examines the impact of a newly formed wolf pack near his home in northwestern Montana. 

1992 - Polls indicate two of out three Montanans favor natural recovery of wolves in the state.


06/25/2013 8:59 PM


Aurora_Hel
Re :   Wolf Lingo

The Ranks and What They Mean 

I wrote up a list for anyone who does not understand the ranks, its simple .. just read and learn then ou know what your rank holds and what you do in the pack! :-) Its also for better understanding..Enjoy!!! 

Alpha~ The boss, One who eats first, leads the pack is the smartest and strongest. 

Beta~ The second in lead command , takes over when Alphas are away on hunting trip or genral bussiness. 

Gamma~ The Third in rank has alot of say in the pack and usually the Advisors of the apck for Alphas. 

Deltas~ They have alot of say as well as respect.. they are the organized part of the pack 

Epsilons~ Thye help assist in guarding the territory with the guardians when needed otherwise they help ther higher ranks attend certain duties. 

Guards~ They gaurd the boarders, greet new members into the pack and briung them back to the Alphas for approval. They will fight to the very end to protect Alphas and threir young, sometimes other pack members depending upon rank and status. 

Zeta~ Thye are guards in training, the guardians train them and teach them what to do when danger approaches and to greet new members as well as protect the pack 



Theta~ These guys are the peace keepers of the pack and try to avoid all fights and will try and break them up. 

Iota~ They are the healers of the pack and help assits with pups as well as wounds, of the ill. 

Kappa~ They assist in hunts as well as helping care for the young. 

Hunters~ They hunt for food for the pack and bring it back to the dens. 

Lambda~ The hunters in training, usually a younger wolf. 

Omikron~ They keep a close eye on the newer members, as well as assist the scouts scouting the boarders if needed too . 

Scouts~They watch out for danger and let the Alphas know if danger approaches..They are the spies of the pack and will be sent out upon duty to spy on an enemy or spread word to an allie. 

Sigma~ They are the teachers of the young the teach them about pack laws and what ranks are what they also assist in the young if there are to many. 

Tau~ The workers of the pack They are to attend any duty the alpha or higher ranking member asks them to do . 

Omega~They are the lowest rank of the pack they are picked upon , beaten, and starved half the time, they scrounge for food , they are usually members who lived alone all thier life and are new to pack life until they earn rank . No one wants this rank .! Even the pups have rank over them.!



06/25/2013 8:58 PM


Aurora_Hel
Re :   Wolf Lingo

The Alpha Pair 

Wolf Bonds 
Wolves are surprisingly loyal to their mates. A bond exists between the alpha pair that is not seen between them and the rest of the pack, or between other wolves in the pack. Some wolves, tired of being ordered around by their parents, often leave in hopes that they will start their own pack. They eventually find another wolf, and if they can cooperate will start a family together. Although wolves are monogamous and typically mate for life, this is not always the case. It used to be believed that in the event that one of the couple dies, the other wolf will not seek out another mate, but this is not true. Wolves have been known to have many mates in their lifetime, even simultaneously. Wolves will sometimes even leave their mates in search of a new one. There have even been cases where in a single wolf pack, there are two breeding females to one male. 

The two are extremely loving towards each other, spending a lot of time cuddling and nuzzling with each other. This intensifies during breeding season, when the wolf pair get especially affectionate with each other, spending all of their time together nuzzling and cuddling. When his mate becomes pregnant, the male is extremely supportive of her, by providing plenty of food for their new family. The wolf society seems to be the most anti-sexist society in the animal kingdom; females are treated as equals by the males. All members of the pack, both male and female, hunt, play and eat together. Pregnant wolves and females with cubs under four weeks are treated with high regards from the rest of the pack, who are eager to help out. They provide her with plenty of food and protection. Other females in the pack often lactate (produce milk) at the same time as she does, so they often help to nurse the cubs. Weaning of the cubs is the responsibility of the entire pack as well. Younger members of the pack will also take turns babysitting the cubs when the older members go hunting. 
Alpha Roles 

It is well known that wolves have and maintain a hierarchy. But when most people are asked who is the most dominant, the alpha male or the alpha female, they would say that the alpha male is the dominant one. But most people would be astonished, or at least fascinated, to know that, in most packs, the two are equal. They both have equal but different duties. The alpha male's duties are scent marking, chasing away intruders, and managing the males in the pack by preventing them from mating. He also starts the pack's prehunting rallying and starts group ceremonial howls. He is, most of the time, the leader in the hunt, but in many areas, females have been seen leading the hunts. The alpha female's duties are to manage the females in the pack by prohibiting them from mating, choosing her mate and den site, and rearing the cubs. She will chose the exact paternity of her cubs; she usually mates with the alpha male, but sometimes chooses another mate. Her most important duty is choosing the den site, which can spell the life or death of the future generation. For instance, if the den is in an area where there is little prey, the cubs will become malnourished and die. 

These things aside, the responsibilities of maintaining a wolf pack are shared equally, with each one directing certain aspects. It is generally viewed, however, that the females' responsibilities are slightly more important because she takes care of the tasks that create a pack. Human society is finally beginning to advance to the same level that wolf societies have been functioning at for millennia: equal opportunity leadership. 

Mating Behavior: Courtship and Copulation 

Wolves generally mate two months before spring arrives where they live, which is later the farther north they live. So wolves who live in the Arctic mate in April, and the wolves who live in Minnesota mate in January. Wolves who live in the southern parts of a continent, such as Mexican wolves, have no set mating period, because food availability is stable year-round. The cubs are born in the spring because that is the time that is most favorable for their survival; more food is available. Wolves mate only once a year, even if all the cubs die in that year's litter. During the breeding period, aggression and tension in the pack rises, and scent marking rises too. 

During the mating season, the pair may move away from the other pack members temporarily to avoid interruption. The pair becomes highly affectionate with one another, cuddling and playing, and sleeping together. They will practice mutual grooming, and make quiet whining noises to one another. The male spends and increasing amount of time sniffing the female wolf's genitals, checking for receptivity. They will often urinate together, and scent mark together as well. The male will smell the female's urine during and after urination, again checking for receptivity (presence of sex hormones). If she is not receptive, she will snap at the male for his advances. 

When the female enters oestrus, special changes take place to ensure that she is receptive. The first stage is called proestrus, or just estrus, where the females' vulva swells, she sheds the lining of her uterus, and sheds some blood from her vulva. She becomes very affectionate, but will not allow mating to take place. The next stage of oestrus is ovulation, and this is when mating takes place. The female will only remain receptive for five to seven days. 

The male wolf, and all male canids, have a special bone in their penis called the baculum. This bone is wider and ring shaped at its base, this is called his "bulb", and when copulating this bulb swells, locking the male and female together in a copulatory "tie". In mating, the male wolf clasps the female wolf by her hips with his arms, and mounts her firmly. After penetration, the male thrusts his hips to stimulate ejaculation. After the initial ejaculation, the bulb of his penis swells, and the female's vagina swells as well, to anchor the penis in place. They remain tied together for anywhere from 20 minutes to 2 hours. After the initial ejaculation, the pair may turn around 180 degrees, so that they face away from each other for the remainder of the time. This is so that they can defend themselves while copulating. The male will ejaculate up to five times during copulation. Secretions occur during copulation that help to make sure the sperm can reach the fallopian tubes. 

The copulatory tie serves to make sure that the female's cubs are the genetic offspring of her mate. She cannot mate 24 hours after the coupling. The male's sperm is nearly 100% guaranteed to reach and fertilize the eggs in that time, so parentage is usually not an issue. 



Communication 

Verbal Communication 
Wolves have a complex communication system. It consists of posturing, scent, positioning of the ears and tail, and verbal communication of a series of grunts, howls, growls, yips, and whines; wolves rarely bark, but they do "woof". Howls are the most mysterious of these, and are known to call the pack together before the hunt, as a good morning gesture, saying hello and good-bye to other members of the pack, to keep strange wolves away form their territory, to mourn the loss of a pack mate, and just for the fun of it! When wolves howl they constantly change pitch. Wolves howling together howl on different notes and different pitches, as if to create the illusion that there are more wolves than are actually present. If they all howled on the same note, it would seem like there was only one wolf, and if they were howling to warn off other stray wolves, they would want their pack to sound large. 

Scent Communication 

Wolves are very territorial animals, and so they mark the boundaries of their territories to let other wolves know this is their packs home. They do this by depositing urine and feces at the edges of their home range. Other strange wolves can smell certain chemicals deposited in the feces from anal glands and tail glands of the wolves in the other pack. They know by smelling chemicals in feces and urine who left the deposit, their gender, rank, mood, and maturity. They can also tell when the wolf left the mark. If the mark is faded in intensity, that wolf can infer that the wolf who marked that tree is far away from there, and if it was a pack, the pack has moved on. Wolves will mark the same spots over and over again each day, so if a mark is old, a wolf knows that the pack has left and is in no immediate danger. 

Wolves also communicate when they are in estrus through chemical signals in the urine and feces. These chemicals, known collectively as "pheromones", let the male wolf know when the female wolf is ready to mate. Certain chemicals are sent out to let the male know when the female is in estrus and is not ready, to let the male know when she is ready, and even chemicals to tell the male to mount. 

Wolves use smell to identify members of their own pack. Wolves have several specialized scent glands on their body: two anal glands located just inside the anus, another gland located just outside the anus, a gland called the precaudal gland which is on the tail about two inches from the base on the top of the tail, several scent glands located in the paw pads, and scent glands on their faces. These glands are used for marking purposes as well as identification purposes. By smelling the uro-anal region, one wolf can clearly determine who another wolf is by using chemical cues excreted from the wolf's tail glands. 

Body Language 

Wolves also have a complex body language. Wolves clearly show what their feelings are to other members of the pack through body positioning, ear and tail position, and noises accompanying the postures. Wolves will raise their tail high to indicate that they are in charge, and tuck it between their legs to indicate fear or submission. Ears laying flat against the head accompanied by bared teeth indicate fear, but ears pointed forward accompanied by bared teeth indicate aggression without fear. 

Wolves indicate their aggression by growling , pricking their ears forward, staring, and pointing their tail straight outwards. Wolves flatten their ears, tuck their tail between their legs, look away, and have their back arched outward when they are afraid. Wolves who roll on their back and showing their belly are showing submission. Those who are ambivalent (don't know how they feel, or have mixed feelings about a situation or wolf), will often mix up these signals. Wolves stick out their tongue at another wolf to tell him that they give up. The play bow, inviting other wolves to join in a romp, is shown by the wolf sticking his rump up in the air, wagging his tail, placing his front end flat on the ground, and giving a swift "bark". 

Because of these very distinct signals, it is really easy to see, for instance, who is the alpha at a kill. The alpha pair will eat first at a kill, and will overtly assert their dominance over the lower ranking wolves until they are done eating. 

Wolves also communicate through a series of gestures combined with vocalizations. One such moving example is that of grief. Wolves are very expressionate about how they communicate grief. When, for instance, a pack member dies, once playful wolves will refuse to eat and play, mope around all the time with their ears down to the sides of their heads, their tail held limp, their heads hung low, and walking at a slow gait, moaning and whimpering. The wolves will hold group howls, which consist of a low, long mournful howl, with a low pitched bark in the middle, almost like they are crying. 

The following are examples of the most overt body and tail postures in wolf communication: 

Snapping Attack: Ears forward, teeth bared, tail bent, and body in a defensive posture. This wolf is signaling to the other wolves that he means business, and will attack other wolves if they do not obey him. This is most likely a dominant wolf displaying aggression towards a lower ranking pack member, possibly chasing it away from a kill. This is also used to scare away intruders. Basically, making himself look scary to avoid confrontation, the last step before actual physical combat. (View Image)

Defensive Threat: Ears laid back against head, tail tucked between legs, back arched, holding a submissive posture. This wolf feels threatened by another wolf's actions, and is not likely to give up easily. This wolf is preparing to fight off whoever is making him feel uncomfortable, but tries to scare him away first with flashing fangs. (View Image) 

Fighting Pin-Down: Display of dominance. An alpha pack member will often assert his or her authority over other pack members by this form of ritualized aggression. Dominant members of the pack will pin down the lower ranking ones to make sure they understand they are lower in rank. (View Image) 

Passive Submission: Submissive wolf is laying on back, often with tail tucked between legs, curls up front paws and lays ears back against the head. Wolves do this to show submission without going to the full blown out active submission. Mostly done by lower ranking wolves to all members of the pack that are higher in rank. (View Image) 

Active Submission: submissive wolf has ears flattened against head, tail, curled downward, and head lowered, walking crouched. This wolf is demonstrating to higher ranking members of the pack that he is no threat, and acknowledges their higher rank. Mostly done by higher ranking wolves to the alpha pair. (View Image) 

Running in Play: Ears at resting position, tail arched, mouth parted in a relaxed smile, running normally. This wolf is running, possibly in play, and appears at ease. (View Image) 

Running in Fear: Ears flattened against the head, tail tucked between legs, clenched smile, running with back arched and legs folded. This wolf is running, fearing for its safety. (View Image) 

Play Bow: Ears normal position, tail relaxed, rear raised, upper body on ground. This wolf is attempting to lure other wolves into playing with him! (View Image) 

Ambivalent Display: (mixed emotions) Fear and Aggression: tongue sticking out indicates submission, bared teeth indicate aggression, ears laid back mean fear. (View Image) 

Dominance: Tail raised high in display of dominance. The first line in intimidation by higher ranking wolves. (View Image) 

Relaxed: Tail in normal resting position. Indicates wolf is content and complacent. (View Image) 

Humility: shows a wolf is being non-threatening towards other non-alpha wolves. Used by higher ranking wolves towards other higher ranking wolves. (View Image) 

Fear or Submission: tail tucked firmly between legs. (View Image) 

Attack Mode: Tail pointing straight out at 180 degrees from body. This wolf is mad, and displaying his anger. Often followed by a snapping attack. (View Image) 



Senses 

Hearing (Auditory) 

Wolves have an excellent sense of hearing. Their large ears can detect the howls of other wolves up to 12 miles away. Wolves have a different range of hearing than humans do. Their range of hearing starts where humans do, and ends at a much higher frequency, so they can hear a larger range of sound. They tend to hear higher pitches that are inaudible to humans, up to 70,000 Hz, whereas humans can only hear up to 30,000 Hz. They also have more sensitive hearing than humans, and are able to hear the softest sounds that humans could not be able to hear. This wide range in hearing has its obvious advantages. Wolves need to communicate with each other over large distances, especially when hunting. They also need to be able to hear the sounds of their prey animals, which can be the soft shuffling of deer in the grass or a mouses' high-pitched shriek. Wolves also have very mobile ears, and can move them almost 180 degrees to tell where a sound is coming from. 

Smell (Olfactory) 

Wolves also have a terrific sense of smell. They use their keen sense of smell not only to locate prey, but as a means of communication between members of their own species. Wolves scent mark, and they are able to detect in these deposits of urine, feces, and facial gland secretions exactly who left it, their sex, their rank, their age, and what they were feeling at the time of the scent marking. In order to do this, wolves have an elongated snout, containing billions more scent receptors than humans. In order for wolves to detect smell, the nose has to be kept moist, so that it why wolves have a wet nose. Wolves' nostrils are holes with conjoining slits, which helps the wolf take in more air when it is running or feasting on a carcass. They can flare their nostrils by lifting up the flaps on either side of the nose, and take in more air. Another feature of the smell detection system is the vomeronasal organ, also known as the Jacobsen's organ. All animals have one, it is the lump in the back of the roof of the mouth. In some animals it is more specialized than others. For example, when snakes flicker their tongues, they pick up chemicals in the air then deposit their tongue in the Jacobsen's organ for detection. In other higher animals, it is believed to be used to detect certain chemicals, such as pheromones. It also lets the wolf know when it is time to stop eating. 

Eyesight (Vision) 

Wolves also rely on their eyesight, but not as much as cats do. Wolves, as well as most other carnivores, have developed a special layer of cells in the back of the eye behind the retina known as the tapetum lucidum. This special group of cells helps to reflect light that passes through the retina back outwards, which seems to increase the light's intensity. This is why wolves' eyes "glow in the dark". There are two types of receptor cells present in the eye: the rods, which detect light intensity, and the cones, which detect color. The color detection is less developed in wolves and dogs, but they can still see color. The position of the eyes is also important. Their eyes are set on the front of their face, which enables them to see depth, so they can locate their prey with accuracy. Animals that have their eyes set on the sides of their heads, like horses, cannot see depth, but can detect movement in 360 degrees around them, and this is more important. Wolves also have a large range of eyesight; they have a vision field of 270 degrees, compared to humans' 100 degrees. 


Evolution 

All the world's mammals that exist today evolved from small insectivorous rat-like animals that began to evolve during the Cretaceous period. At the end of the age of dinosaurs, some 65 million years ago, these animals now had the opportunity to evolve and become more specialized. The order Carnivora began to emerge approximately 60 million years ago, during the Paleocene period. The primitive carnivores that made up this group were called miacids. This common ancestor gave rise to all dogs, bears, seals, cats, hyenas, weasels, and civets. About 48 million years ago, the suborders of Feliforma and Caniforma arose from the miacids. 

Canids originated in the late Eocene more than 40 million years ago. They are the most ancient group of carnivores, and the first to evolve from the miacids. The family Canidae had three major co-existing radiations, represented by the subfamilies of Caninae (modern dogs), Hesperocyoninae (ancient canids), and Borophaginae (hyena-like canines). 

The subfamily Hesperocyoninae was an archaic group of canids that originated and remained in North America. They existed about 40 million years ago, and looked like a cross between a fox and a weasel. They became extinct about 15 million years ago. From the Nothocyon line of the Hesperocyonids came Tomarctus, which gave rise to the Borophaginae. 

The second group, the Borophaginae, existed about 34 million years ago. Like Hesperocyoinae, they existed solely in North America. They were much larger than the Hesperocyonids, loooking like a cross between hyenas and dogs. They had very large, powerful jaws. They became extinct about 2.5 million years ago. 

The last group, Caninae, is the subfamily that gave rise to all the canids alive today. They existed at about the same time as the other two subfamilies, but did not flourish until about 15 million years ago, when the other two subfamilies began to wane. This group evolved solely in North America until the late Miocene (about 7 million years ago), when they crossed the land bridge into Asia. 

The canids that crossed the land bridge became the direct ancestors for the canids that existed there. These animals continued to cross over the land bridge, back and forth between the two continents. This is why there are grey wolves in both Eurasia and North America. 

There was a species of wolf that lived 400 thousand years ago called the Dire Wolf (Canis dirus). It was larger than today's wolves, and it coexisted with them. It became extinct 10,000 years ago. It had a completely different body structure than a modern wolf; it was more stocky, had shorter thinner legs, and resembled a hyena. It had an immense jaw structure, that would enable it to crush through bone. It may have filled a similar niche as the hyena, as a bone crushing scavenger rather than a hunter, because of its immense size and dimensions. They probably weren't too intelligent either. There have been more dire wolf carcasses found in the La Brea tar pits in California than any other animal: 3,600 dire wolves, to be exact. 

Besides the dire wolf, several other wolf lineages arose around the same time period. Canis edwardsii, was the first North American wolf to evolve, about 1.5-1.8 million years ago. This wolf was the one that evolved into the modern Canis lupus.



06/25/2013 8:57 PM


Aurora_Hel
Topic :   Wolf Lingo

Active Submission: approaching a dominant wolf and licking or nipping its muzzle. Pack members often greet the alpha male in this manner. 

Alpha: the dominant member (or pair) of a group such as a pack. 

Beta Male: the male wolf second in rank to the alpha male of a pack. 

Bond: an attachment that an individual human or animal forms to another. Many animals such as wolves have difficulty forming strong bonds to another individual or species when they are no longer infants. 

Canine: a member of a family of animals that includes dogs, wolves, foxes, and coyotes. 

Den: an enclosure in which wolf pups are born and where they spend the first four weeks of their lives. 

Dispersal: the process in which young wolves leave their families to form new packs. 

Dominant: being in charge of, or leading, others. A dominant wolf holds its tail up, pricks its ears, and stands tall around a submissive wolf. 

Pack: a group that gathers together to make hunting and other ways of surviving easier. 

Predators: animals that hunt and kill other animals. 

Raised-leg urination (RLU): urinating with one hind leg raised. The dominant wolves in a pack make scent marks with RLUs. 

Rendezvous site: a spot within a wolf pack's territory where pups are left when they are too young to join the pack in hunting. 

Scent Marking: using urine or other strong-smelling substances to mark the boundaries of a territory. 

Territorial: to consider an area of land as your own and to keep strange members of your species out by using warnings of fighting, it needed. Animals such as deer that are not territorial are said to have home ranges. This means that they have certain areas where they live but they don't defend them. 

Wolfers: hunters who were hired to kill wolves in the United States during the last half of the 19th century.


06/25/2013 8:57 PM


Bansee
Topic :   Treatise 1: Three Lies of Therianthropy

*===========                 Public disclaimer                 ===========*
The following document is opinion based and relies on very few concrete
sources, if any (those used will be noted).  Comments are welcome to the
media in which this was found, or via email.  Comments may be read, unread,
deleted for no cause, deleted for good reason, ignored, archived, burned, or
crucified.  The probability that I'll respond to your comments depends
greatly on how little you make me angry.
This document is response rated: 3 - author will post and mostly ignore
(c) 1997 Lion Templin (ltemplin@leoNOSPAMnine.com)
*===========                 Public disclaimer                 ===========*
 
 

           The Campaign for Realism and Integrity in Therianthropy
                  Treatise 1: Three Lies of Therianthropy.
                                Lion Templin
                                 August 1999
(c) 1999 Lion Templin
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
Section 1
   It has been commonly accepted by many that the online therianthropic
genre has taken a turn for the worse in years preceding.  Flame wars,
personal assaults, splits and schizms (Like the Cougnaites), spam, trolls,
holy wars, and general mayhem have erupted on several of the most prominent
founts of therianthropic discussion, namely AHWW the newsgroup, IRC servers,
discussion forums, and whatever nook and cranny style service and individual
can provide.  I need not remind you more of the state of the genre, nor is
it relevant to maintaining a timelessness of a document.  This likely will
seem as timely as anything else, but perhaps it's lessons can be given to
longer lifespans.
Section 2
   Regardless of the fragmented and highly individualized nature of the
genre's current state, the genre can be broken down into two large and
diverse groups.  Of course this will be obvious to you, and the answer as to
what group you belong to will be decided without hesitation.  Simply enough,
the groups are the "trues" and the "wannabes".  I will expect that if you
have stayed long enough to read that last sentence, that you'll have chosen
the group "trues", referring to those who /truly/ are representatives of a
non-human species.  If you can honestly admit to being a wannabe .. well, be
very proud of yourself.  I thank you for coming, and you can ignore the rest
of the document, if you wish.  For those who remain, the ones who claim
"true" status, well this is where it begins.
   Your claim to admission into the true category has not come without it's
questions, correct?  Questions of yourself, right?  Of course it has .. for
a single person to sit down and believe a statement such as "I am a wolf."
implies at some point you would be required to ask yourself "Am I a wolf?"
It matters not if someone else told you you were one, or some test told you
of such things, or some magical dream gave you this knowledge .. the final
answer is all yours.  Your choice to believe what you've just seen, heard,
smelled, tasted, or had thrust upon you in the heat of passion.  Much like
the decisions you make every day to believe the existence of things (Is this
a hard boiled egg?  Is this a 3/8" drive 1/2" socket?) you also make such a
decision about your own very /nature/.
   Now it's not hard to make an existential decision about a 3/8" drive 1/2"
socket, it presents certain evidence to imply it's identity.  But what about
your decision about therianthropy?  Certainly you can't pick it up, connect
it to a 3/8" ratchet, and proceed to reattach the 1/2" bolts to your car's
strut tower.  Well, let's just say that the socket has a lot more going for
it in terms of believability.  Why?  Because it poses no threat to something
I (and others) like to call "intellectual honesty".  Intellectual honesty is
a fragment that for many of us manages what we can believe.  Your own
intellectual honesty certainly isn't going to allow you to pick up a dead
chicken and use it to put your strut back on, believing it's your ratchet. 
But, how strong is that part of you?  For many, when it comes to
self-knowledge .. it's remarkably weak.  Defeating it allows people to
remain happy in dead-end relationships, live in cardboard boxes, or deny
that they are drug addicts.  Essentially, when it comes to self .. you're
easy to delude.  It's called denial.  Why do we use denial?  Because it's
easier in every case than the truth.  Easier to ignore your wife died,
easier to believe your husband isn't an alcoholic, easier to get along in
life ignoring all the bad things that could be going on about you.
 Therianthropy provides several avenues of denial that make things
easy for a lot of people.  Many lies are perpetuated by therianthropes in
the process of making their claim .. to the world and themselves.  This is
easily a transgression of intellectual honesty.
             - Therianthropic Lie #1: THE LIE OF INDIVIDUALITY -
   Many prefer to use their claim into the "true therianthropic" class to
separate them from the rest of "boring old people".  To give them a step up
on the rest of the crowd, to say.  Certainly, everyone who has even the
slightest ego is going to desire to be different from the person next to
them .. and what is more different than to make a claim that you're some
kind of "animal inside" .. a hungry predator that'll stop at nothing for
conquest in a dog-eat-dog world.  There's no question that the person in the
next cubicle isn't a wolf ..
   Well, it's really too bad .. because therianthropy is not all that
special.  Faced with the wide range of human possibility, therianthropy is
one of billions of aspects that can make up an individual.  For one, there's
more just like you.  Ever notice that you'll see someone that looks
amazingly like someone you know?  Anyone who's spent some time in crowds
will understand the feeling that they've seen people who look like other
people .. and simple logic dictates that there's people who look like you. 
Now, if you will, apply this to therianthropy .. an aspect of yourself that
is like your unique face.  If people can look like others, then others can
think like you.  You are NOT alone, and therefore, not special.
   What does it really matter, however, that someone's a therianthrope? 
Does being an therianthrope stack up to the likes of Albert Einstein, or
just the neighbor down the block who has a soft spot in his heart and helps
out at the homeless shelter?  Therianthropy is /personal/.  There's a
significant difference between "I'm an wolf." and "I'm someone who'll risk
their life for someone else." Or, "I'm a bear." and "I'm a homicidal
psycho."* Which really makes you a different person?
* Just to show that the difference swings both 'positive' and 'negative'.
  How many people in your life recognize, and thusly allow to make a
difference in their lives because you claim therianthropic status?  How many
of those people aren't your friends?
       - Therianthropic Lie #2: THERIANTHROPY IS EASY TO BELIEVE IN, -
                                HARD TO LIVE.
   It seems like a common ideal in the therianthropic world is that to
become a therianthrope is relatively simple .. though you'll argue this, it
should be read first before getting your hackles up.
   People need vehicles to understanding.  An experiment to demonstrate a
concept, an example to clarify the learning.  Essentially, a method by which
to gain a grasp of a concept and thusly use it.  There are many often used
vehicles in therianthropy ... most of which easily accepted and often
spurious in nature.  One such vehicle is dreaming.  Cited time and time
again as the vehicle of therianthropic understanding, dreams have become a
staple of the proof toolbox that therianthropes use to understand
themselves.  Another is "expert opinion", someone telling you that you're of
such nature.  And so on.  Regardless, the common epiphany is simple and
short: "I had a dream about a wolf, and therefore I am one!"
   Again, pure myth.  Therianthropy flies in the face of generations of
sociological training to separate man from animals.  So, after all these
years of built up prejudice, you can suddenly wake up one morning and say
"I'm part wolf!"?  It's not quite that simple.  Liken it, in some respects,
to the other regions of society that have had eons of repression.  Most
common: "deviant" sexuality.  Would you consider yourself "in the closet"
about being a therianthrope?  What would your parents think?  The neighbors? 
Your coworkers?  If you tell a random person on the street that you're a
homosexual, they'll at least acknowledge that they exist.  But to tell them
you're a therianthrope .. that'll have much less of a believable effect. 
And so, when you choose the therianthropic path you make a conscious
decision to defy your society's teaching ... not an easy thing to do.  To
completely believe such a decision about oneself can take years, much like
other socially marginal attributes.
   Conversely, once the bold step of being claimant to therianthropy is
taken, the path ever after is wrought with difficulty.  Isolation, control,
and a host of "animalistic" qualities that the therianthrope must
continually wrestle with.  Like doing your best not to loose control of the
"animal within" and hurt someone.  Or not to growl, nip, or pounce on
strangers (or in some cases, /very/ close friends :) ... you'd best always
be on your guard as a therianthrope to insure that other people don't get
hurt by the inner power of your paws.
   Not quite.  Once you've gone through the years of trying to understand
yourself, the rest really is easy.  Just be you.  If you truly are the
animal you say you are it WILL show in thought, word, and deed ... in
everything you do.  No need to force such things as you'll be doing it
naturally.  You will find that your animal nature DOES make serious effects
in acceptable action in everyday life .. just because you are a wolf does
NOT mean you go about chasing down other people and trying to tear them limb
from limb.  You'll find there's a uniquely /human/ equivelant to your
animal's behavior.  And because of that, others .. people who are not aware
of your therianthropic nature, will see you as such without them ever
knowing what you believe.
        - Therianthropic Lie #3: THERIANTHROPES AREN'T LIKE HUMANS -
   So, you're a therianthrope.  This makes you different, right?  (No.)  But
this DOES make you somewhat "inhuman" ... after all you ARE part animal. 
And being part animal gives you certain "rights", like getting angry .. or
howling at inopportune times.  And maybe it frees you from some of the
common problems that humans have.  Regardless, you don't have to sink to
their level because you're not like them.
   It's not that easy, folks.  Many therianthropes forget one simple fact:
                             YOU TOO ARE HUMAN.  
And with that comes the whole package, the complete set of foibles that make
up the human tragedy.  You too can bicker, be ornery, and be kind without
the added baggage of therianthropy.  And oddly enough, therianthropes have
shown the nature to do exactly what the rest of the world does .. minus the
animal belief.  Not only that, it's unacceptable to be an asshole as a
therianthrope as anywhere else .. blaming your faults on your species is NO
EXCUSE in any situation.
You'll never be able to forsake your humanity, no matter how strenuously
your protest it.
(How could anyone ever get away with, much less sympathy from "fuck off and
die" in a public forum is beyond me, though I'm proud to have made the
list.)

This is but a small sample of the common therianthropic lies.  So often is
it that these lies are committed after the suppression of intellectual
honesty that these indicators lends themselves to the identification of
those who have not allowed themselves to ask the truthful questions.  What
group do you belong to?  The "wannabes" or the "trues"?  Don't answer that
to me, I don't care.  No one does.  Only to you and your own honesty does it
matter.
(c) 1999 Lion Templin


09/13/2012 5:33 PM


Bansee
Topic :   AIT, or the Awareness (awereness) Indicator Test

PROJECT ANNOUNCEMENT --------------------------------------------------
 
                   AWARENESS INDICATOR TEST BATTERY (AIT)
                 project overview and solicitation for data
                 sponsor: Lion Templin, jtemplin@leonine.com
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
What is AIT?
 
 AIT, or the Awareness (awereness) Indicator Test is a battery of questions used to profile an individual's possible therianthropic nature.  AIT is to be designed to allow a tester to evaluate an individual's possible therianthropic nature without the individual noting directly what the test is designed to achieve, therefore greatly reducing the risk of infection among non-therianthropes.  After the test the tester should have a reasonable course of action whether or not to pursue further therianthropic teaching.
 
What's so great about AIT?
 
 AIT allows you to identify, through a testing process, potential therianthropes without having to bridge that awful explanation of "This is what I am are you like me?" and potentially damaging yourself and the other.  It's to be designed to hide the purpose of the test so in the event of the test going badly, it's easy to back out without damage.  If, however, the test goes good, you now have a starting point in which to carefully guide a person to better understanding of themselves.
 
What's so bad about AIT?
 
 AIT is not designed to be ALL encompassing.  AIT is NOT designed to be definitive.  It only identifies possible indicators and provides a reasonable guess as to the nature of a person.  It does NOT, for instance, attempt to identify such things as "polyweres".  AIT is NOT designed as an end-all test for wereness.
 
Features of AIT.
 
 AIT should have the following features when completed:
  o Lengthy near-complete testing of all therianthropic
    tendencies and indicators.
  o Non-descript usual psych test style questions with little
    direct reference to topic at hand.
  o Non-additive filler questions.
  o Tester analysis guide for each question.
  o Therianthropic likelyhood thresholds.
 
How are we developing AIT?
 
 With your help.  There are four major stages:
 1)  Initial question battery development.
 2)  Internal known-populace benchmarking.
 3)  Question battery refinement.
 4)  Final benchmarking and initial real world testing.
 
 We're working on stage 1 currently.  We need you to help with the question pool by giving us ideas for questions and their possible answers ... as well as basic indicators you think should be represented by questions.  If you haven't already, join the mailing list at awereness@leonine.com where all the discussion of the test development will be going on.  You can submit questions, ideas, .. anything that you might think need be part of the AIT.  With your help we can produce this powerful tool to aid us...
 
 Note:  Recent discussion on IRC about AIT showed some good guidelines for question development methods.  If you want to see a copy of this log, please email jtemplin@leonine.com for a complete transcript.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------


09/13/2012 5:29 PM


Bansee
Topic :   Building Blocks to Contherianthropy

*===========                 Public disclaimer                 ===========*
The following document is opinion based and relies on very few concrete
sources, if any (those used will be noted).  Comments are welcome to the
media in which this was found, or via email.  Comments may be read, unread,
deleted for no cause, deleted for good reason, ignored, archived, burned, or
crucified.  The probability that I'll respond to your comments depends
greatly on how little you make me angry.
This document is response rated: 3 - author will post and mostly ignore
(c) 1997 Lion Templin (jtemplin@monolith.leonine.com)
*===========                 Public disclaimer                 ===========*

 


                     Building Blocks to Contherianthropy
                     ===================================

                               by Lion Templin

                                  (c) 1997

           copies of this paper and other papers may be found at:
                   http://www.leonine.com/~jtemplin/mt_d/


Part I - Terms and Definitions

I assume several things in this set of theories.  These are only assumptions
to keep the explanation from getting too complex.

        o You have read and understood a previous paper, _A short view on
          modern contherianthropy_.  You should understand the difference
          between therianthropy and contherianthropy. [1]

        o You include all assumptions listed in Part I of _A modern view of
          modern contherianthropy_.

        o You have read and understood a previous paper, _Fun with Faith:
          The Fallacy of Therianthropy_. [2]

 o You have read and understood a previous paper, _Proving Individual
   Contherianthropy_. [3]

Part II - Why study the beginnings of individual contherianthropy?

It is important to have an understanding as to how contherianthropy develops
in individuals.  Such knowledge of the beginnings of any system certainly
aid in understanding developing th current system. In this case, the
development of the contherianthropic ideals in an individual and the
corresponding development of related response sets should provide important
clues as to how an individual deals with their contherianthropic nature on a
day to day basis.

Though there are many, and none so yet proven, theories about human
consciousness, this essay approaches the human sentient structure as in
previous essays (see #1) by regarding it as a layered system of code with
separate and distinct parts. (see Plato's _Republic_ for the distinct
division model).

Part III - Contherianthrope: Continuous Presence

The first of three types of contherianthropes is the Continuous Presence
model.  Continuous Presence is, simply put, a the complete set of
contherianthropic ideals, species specific, present in an individual at
birth.  The ideals vary very little over time since their emplacement is
nearly "hard-coded" into the individual.  There are several indicators for a
CTH:CP individual:

 o The individual will have known of their nature for most, if not
        all, of their life.  Since the "code" for their specific species has
        been present from birth, they will have had ample opportunity to
        discover their nature, if even discover is the correct term, since
        discovery it his case is near to just being.

 o The individual's contherianthropic response set will not be highly
        visible to themselves.  Since they have been conditioned from birth
        by their nature, they will not likely see the contherianthropic
        responses, drives, and thought processes as anything different than
        nominal systems.  The integration level is so high and the
        operational conditions so regular that non-base line ideals will be
        very difficult to self detect.

 o The individual, upon actually detecting his or her
        contherianthropic nature will have little changes in terms of
        reactions, personality, or thought process.  Since, of course, their
        nature has been with them from the beginning, there's no epiphany
        point per se, more so just a confirmation of what they've been doing
        all along.

 o Finally, since the individual has been operating under the code of
        their contherianthropic nature for all of their life, social
        integration could very well be high with such individuals.  The
        understanding that they may be different could very well be limited
        to the subconscious realms, leaving the individual in a state of
        "That's just the way it is." having lived their life in such a
        fashion, if even they recognize a difference between themselves and
        naughts.  It could also be surmised that living under such
        conditions could result in an understanding, if even false, that
        everyone else is just like them.

In looking at the CTH:CP model, the question of the contherianthropic origin
is still not answered.  The individual has their contherianthropic nature
from their birth, without any reason or understanding for such a thing. 
Contherianthropy itself goes beyond basic personality traits inherited by
genetics or by environment.  Since it's definition within an individual is
so precise (unlike such simple things as "short temper" or "very patient")
that the fall-back of genetics seems very unlikely to provide the complete
definition shown in this model.  Therefore, I will assert that without a
rational explanation of a source for such detailed internal sub-systems,
this model does not occur.

Part IV - Contherianthrope: Overwrite

The second of the three contherianthropic types is called Overwrite.  As
it's name implies, the contherianthrope's own nature pre-epiphany has been
overwritten by a species specific set of contherianthropic nature.  Or, as I
will assert, an attempt will be made to overwrite one's own nature.  Several
key indices of a CTH:OW can be seen:

 o Low changes in one's own external nature.  Since OW is a conscious
        effort, it will be difficult for an individual to actually change
        one's own basic response set.  Low level systems, at least as
        perceived by others, will be nearly unaffected.  However, the
        individual may claim such low level attributes as part of their
        contherianthropic nature even when they do not fit their species
        specific model.

 o Low changes in one's own internal thought processes.  The only
        addition to a contherianthrope's internal though processes will be
        the conscious and directed interrupts generated to show outward
        contherianthropic nature.  One of the major focuses of the CTH:OW is
        to use others completely as their justification of their
        contherianthropic status.  Since they essentially do not possess
        such nature, in whole or in part, they must convince others that
        they indeed have such nature.  Since most subtleties will not be
        seen, such conscious interrupts will result in large and obvious
        displays of said species nature.  The CTH:OW's conscious interrupt
        process can be defeated by placing the individual in a pre-epiphany
        environment, sensory overload (where responses must be faster than
        conscious interrupts can handle), or return to an environment where
        the subject is not aware someone would be judging their
        contherianthropic nature.

 o The Overwrite will change to match encountered data.  When the
        Overwrite amasses species specific data (if ever, the likelihood may
        be small since the contherianthropic nature is so shallow) he/she
        will change their own response set to match, as well as possible,
        the data represented.  When new data is returned, the individual
        will adopt the behavioral patters of such data.

 o CTH:OW's may eventually result in, as again the name implies,
        overwriting their upper level code to accomodate the new
        contherianthropic code.  However, the possibility of overwriting the
        necessary low-level code is marginal.  This results in long-term
        obvious displays of contherianthropic nature without the underlying
        motives required for true contherianthropes.

As implied, the CTH:OW is not a true contherianthrope.  The results of
overwriting one's previous nature in favor of the contherianthropic ideal is
just the result of therianthropic infection.  (See #2) The end result may,
at first glance, appear to be the same as true contherianthropes, but when
seen from the low level motives and understanding of the individual, there
is a major difference.  Because of this model's ease of adoption and the
fact it allows anyone to supposedly become a contherianthrope, it is likely
the most common by far of the three types of contherianthropes.

Part V - Contherianthrope: Code Hook

The final theory is the most complex of the three.  The term 'code hook'
refers to a system in programming that allows certain high-level sections of
code to 'hook' into low-level code using predefined connection points.  This
relates to the code hook theory in that the CTH:CH has, from birth, the
basic building blocks of possible contherianthropic nature.  These building
blocks are sets of low level routines that when combined form a unique base
nature of an individual.  These sets, since they are general in nature, can
be accounted for by genetics or base environment.  The individual, with the
correct set of low-level routines, or code hooks, then can bind them with
upper level routines based on contherianthropy.  After a binding definition
time, the individual successfully integrates the high-level
contherianthropic routines with their already present low-level routines,
thus forming a complete set of contherianthropic nature.  An example may
assist in understanding:

 Bob, at age 27 realizes that he, all his life, has shown the basic
        tenets of the species "bear".  He's a larger man, lumbers, has an
        even disposition, and several other base characteristics of "bear"*. 
        He realizes that this basic nature has been with him, but only as a
        basic nature and now wishes to understand himself better as a
        "bear".  During the next year, Bob builds the ideal of what it means
        to be a "bear" in today's world.  Succeeding in that goal stemming
        from his epiphany point at age 27, Bob moves on in life with the
        newfound and much more precise definition of himself.

* I have no idea of the basic tenets of "bear", these are intuitive.

In this example the code hooks are the low level motives and repose sets of
Bob, whereas the high level contherianthropy comes in at his epiphany point,
where he then develops the high level routines to match the already present
low level systems.  This system has several interesting effects:

 o Not anyone can develop contherianthropic systems for any species. 
        You are, by definition, required to have the low level code in order
        to build the high level code upon it.  This limits people to
        developing singular species, a "destiny" if you will.  The low level
        code differs greatly from species to species, making the code hooks
        distinct and not interchangeable.

 o Potential contherianthropy is contherianthropy.  The possession of
        a compete set of low-level code hooks determines you
        contherianthropic status.  There is the possibility that some will
        not , and quite possibly often, develop the high level code.  Those
        who do will , however, have a much more complete and unified
        understanding of themselves.  It is, by far, the low level nature of
        an individual that determines true contherianthropy.

 o Purist definitions of a code hook set are required.  Since
        contherianthropic nature is so precise by definition, an all
        encompassing set of code hooks, or low-level sets, is required to
        complete a definition of a contherianthrope.  The limited spectrum
        of personal low-level motives is such that if multiples are claimed,
        then such basis is made upon subtleties and not true low-level
        routines.  An individual claiming multiple code sets is either not
        realizing the correct code set or is trying to Overwrite using their
        own mixture of what they feel best from each species.

The CTH:CH individual has several indicators:

 o Some change in external motives.  Since a CTH:CH has the already
        defined low-level motives for his/her species, observers may see
        some change in external behavior.  This is a result of the changing
        high-level contherianthropic code installation.  However, basic
        motives will remain near constant.

 o Massive internal restructuring of thought processes.  The CTH:CH
        restructures his/her thought processes to accomidate the unifying
        aspect of the contherianthropic upper-half.  In essence, the CTH:CH
        will begin to think as their species, and not just a reflection of
        the species based upon low-level drives.  The code hooks mesh
        perfectly, and therefore the new high thought process model will
        function far better than the cobbled together model used previously.

 o Staggering epiphany point.  The ability to reconcile a lifetime of
        unconnected drives into one unifying ideal should astonish the
        CTH:CH.  The epiphany point will be very important to the
        contherianthrope as it is the beginning of upper level code
        implementation.

 o Code implementation time.  The CTH:CH will require time to collect
        all the low-level routines and build the correct high-level routines
        upon them.  Since the process of re engineering of high-level ideals
        over such a wide base of low-level systems, this may take a
        significant amount of time.  * This has been observed in several
        interviewed contherianthropes.


There are several points to be made to differentiate the CTH:CH from the
other types.  For instance, the method used to defeat the CTH:OW (The
unknown observer example) fails the CTH:CH.  Since the CTH:CH has the
species specific low level routines AND the correctly built high-level
routines, there is no change in behavior.  The CTH:CH is 100% their species. 
Also, the low-level ideals have a plausible and rational explanation for
pre-exsistance to environment, the CTH:CH is immune to such attacks as the
claimed CTH:CP.  Finally, the numbers of CTH:CHs are limited, as expected. 
It is not likely that such a precise definition of an individual as a
contherianthrope would exist in high percentages in a population.  The
observed and estimated CH population is a low percentage in total population
AND in claimed contherianthropic/therianthropic populations.

Part VI - Conclusion

Contherianthropy can be broken into three distinct development types.  Two
of which are actually valid.  Those who claim CTH:CP status most likely are
in the category of CTH:OW.  And again, of those two ideals (OW & CH) there
are distinct differences in the final outcome of the individual implementing
them.


Lion Templin, 1997



09/13/2012 5:27 PM


Bansee
Topic :   Proving Individual Contherianthropy

*===========                 Public disclaimer                 ===========*
The following document is opinion based and relies on very few concrete
sources, if any (those used will be noted).  Comments are welcome to the
media in which this was found, or via email.  Comments may be read, unread,
deleted for no cause, deleted for good reason, ignored, archived, burned, or
crucified.  The probability that I'll respond to your comments depends
greatly on how little you make me angry.
This document is response rated: 3 - author will post and mostly ignore
(c) 1997 Lion Templin (jtemplin@monolith.leonine.com)
*===========                 Public disclaimer                 ===========*

 

 


                     Proving Individual Contherianthropy
                     ===================================

                               by Lion Templin

                with special appearance by Christopher Hughes

           copies of this paper and  other papers may be found at:
                   http://www.leonine.com/~jtemplin/mt_d/

Part I - Assume the truth

I assume several things in this set of theories.  These are only assumptions
to keep the explanation from getting too complex.

 o You have read and understood a previous paper, _A short view on
          modern contherianthropy_.  You should understand the difference
          between therianthropy and contherianthropy. [1]

 o You include all assumptions listed in Part I of _A modern view of
          modern contherianthropy_.

 o You have read and understood a previous paper, _Fun with Faith:
          The Fallacy of Therianthropy_. [2]

Part II - Question the truth

Because of the nature of contherianthropes [see 1], one's self knowledge of
their contherianthropic status would provide a basis for the remainder of
their life, giving the individual a baseline for reactions and long term
goals.  However, barring infection, contherianthropic persons may or may not
know of their therianthropic status because of the deep level in which the
animalistic nature resides.  Reactions based upon their animalistic nature
may appear to be distinct parts of an individual personality with
justifiable origins.  The case may be, however, that these reactions are
truly based upon their own segments of species specific nature.  Some will
discover it with time, however, there are some that will fail to notice
their animalistic nature and continue through life unknowing of the
deep-coded segments that do indeed make up their personality.  Because the
individual may not have self-knowledge of their own contherianthropic status,
self-knowledge is not a tenet of contherianthropy.

Therefore, in determining contherianthropy, a simple poll of the individual
fails the determine their status.  In fact, a poll could possibly lead to
incorrect results because of the possibility of infection.  When a subject
is confronted with the question of their status, three basic response sets
exist:

 o "Yes, I am."
     This result has two possible reasons:
  1) The individual IS a contherianthrope.
  2) The individual has been infected by the therianthropic
                   model.
 o "No, I am not."
     This result also has two possible reasons:
  1) The individual IS NOT a contherianthrope.
  2) The individual is unaware of their contherianthropic
                nature.
 o "I do not know."
     Finally, this result also has two possible reasons:
  1) The individual IS NOT a contherianthrope, but could be:
   - investigating contherianthropy openly.
   - bordering on infection.
  2) The individual IS a contherianthrope, and is:
   - investigating CTH openly.
   - bordering on denial.

You will notice that any answer given contains both truth values, that of
being and not being contherianthropic.  By this, the poll method is
ambiguous in determining contherianthropic status and fails.

Part III - Question your own truth

Because of the danger of infection, polling also can be dangerous to the
results of the poll.  If the individual becomes infected at poll time, the
YES answer will skew the results.  However, the knowledge of the exsistance
of CTH may be the only way a person can identify and understand the nature
of themselves.  Many have, in the past, understood their own nature without
being able to put solid theory to it.  However, this percentage of
individuals will remain low as the percentage of individuals that are
self-aware enough to observe their animalistic nature.  Those who have
trouble, through past knowledge and/or environment, understanding themselves
(many just lack time) will never achieve self-knowledge because the amount
of work involved in self-determination is high.  Therefore, the risk one
takes with contacting contherianthropic theory is acceptable because of the
possible outcome of understanding one's self.  The poll answer then results
in these basic long term answers:

 o "Yes"
      The person IS contherianthropic and will benefit from this
             knowledge.
 o "Yes"
      The person has become infected, but rational thought will
             destroy the misconception. [2]  See "No".
 o "No"
      The person has determined WHAT THEY ARE NOT, which still has
             use in self-determination.  Elimination of a specific
             possibility allows for n-1 possibilities.
 o "No"
      The person has denied their contherianthropic status.  The
             value of this is questionable, for it may provide problems in
             the future or benefit the individual because contherianthropy
             is incompatible with their current and deep-set belief systems. 
             All other results have positive ends, with this exception of
             this result, with is unknown at best.

But again we are confronted with both IS and IS NOT answers in the results. 
The reason we find this behavior is because we are attempting to determine
the truth value from within the system.

 Any system needs basic underlying principals to operate.  The
        principals, or axioms, form the base of the system and without the
        axioms, the system would fail to function.  Because the axioms
        determine the rest of the system, they cannot be tested from within
        the system simply because the system relies on the axioms and always
        assume the axioms are true.
  [paraphrased from conversation with Christopher Hughes]

Since contherianthropy is an axiom of the system, testing from within the
system can fail because of the link between the running system and it's
axioms.  Therefore, testing of contherianthropy requires a view from outside
the system.  But then the question is what outside the system can provide
the correct truth value?

Part IV - Question other's truth

One may surmise that soliciting the opinions of those close to the individual
may indirectly be able to lend direction to the truth value.  Usually those
close to the individual could see those traits associated with
contherianthropy.  However, a problem occurs when you face a biased set of
persons.  They too may fail to see animalistic nature or see nature that is
not present and/or is attributable to other sources.  This is possible
because in the first case, the individual does not have the knowledge to
judge nominal and animalistic reactions, or in the second case, is already
predisposed to the individual's claims.  However, it may be common to those
who are therianthropic to have middle-level relations that will make remarks
such as "He seems like a big bear." but not understand what the source of
that behavior is.  All in all, the opinions of others close to the
individual are suspect.  The idea of those that don't know the subject
judging the truth value is also invalid simply because of the deep-set
nature of therianthropy requires time and contact to understand the
individual.  Finally, leaving such a judgment to non-solicited marginal
individuals making leading comments is such a low probability that it also
is invalid.

Another possibility is to trust the judgment of another individual that
claims to be a specialist in the field.  Since the nature of
contherianthropy is beyond current science in studying the brain or soul,
this option then leads to persons marginal to science.  Shamans, psychics,
healers, what have you, are all those who claim to understand that which
science is unable to prove.  Many more problems appear here because an
attempt is made to levy judgment by an individual who's methods are
possibly questionable, unrepeatable, and for the most part, unknown.  Beyond
that, the question remains just who of these people do you trust to make
such a judgment?  And furthermore, since the issue again comes down to
individual opinion on the part of the judge and the person themselves, the
acceptability of such judgments will not be universal.

Part V - Question your faith

Until contherianthropy is something that can be scientifically proven, it
will always remain questionable.  As with everything marginal to science,
contherianthropy as it is now requires faith.  Faith in your own judgments,
faith in those who judge you, and faith in the judgments others have made
of themselves.  Until directed physical study, which is unlikely to be taken
up, if even possible, is available, contherianthropy must remain a study of
the mind and philosophy.  It may be possible though such study to robustly
prove contherianthropy, but as it currently stands, only indicators,
directors, and implications are useful in providing a direction for faith. 
Note ONLY a direction for faith.  That direction may be taken up only to be
later proven wrong, or ignored only to be proven correct.  Because we only
have .. at this time .. direction available to us, we can take into account
the opinions of friends and respected specialists.  We can also take our own
views into the direction.  But, until a robust proof of contherianthropy is
available, we only can rely on a direction to base faith upon.

Keep in mind, however, in using such unreliable sources for a basis of
faith, doubt will always be present in the system.  Doubt of one's self and
doubt of other's claims.  Doubt may be reduced by more evidence attempting
to imply the truth, but total removal of doubt is not possible.  Only
determining the total truth value in a directly observable and repeatable
scientific method could remove doubt completely.
 

(c) 1997 Lion Templin


09/13/2012 5:27 PM


Bansee
Topic :   A short view on modern contherianthropy

*===========                 Public disclaimer                 ===========*
The following document is opinion based and relies on very few concrete
sources, if any (those used will be noted).  Comments are welcome to the
media in which this was found, or via email.  Comments may be read, unread,
deleted for no cause, deleted for good reason, ignored, archived, burned, or
crucified.  The probability that I'll respond to your comments depends
greatly on how little you make me angry.
This document is response rated: 3 - author will post and mostly ignore
(c) 1997 Lion Templin (jtemplin@monolith.leonine.com)
*===========                 Public disclaimer                 ===========*

 

                   A short view on modern contherianthropy
     =======================================


                            by Lion Templin, 1997

Part I - Definition of State

I assume several things in this set of theories.  These are only assumptions
to keep the explanation from getting too complex.

 o Therianthropy is defined as:
  Physical Therianthropy has been defined as the ability to
                shift from human to animal form and back again. Spiritual
                Therianthropy, then, is the ability to mentally transform
                from the normal human mode of thinking and reacting to an
                animal one.
   [FROM: AHWW FAQ - Part 2                        ]
   [http://www.wolfden.demon.co.uk/ahww/ahww2.htm  ]

 o Multiplicity is nonexsistant.  That is, each person has either
          one human component (naught), or one human and ONLY one animal
          component (therianthrope).

 o Physical therianthropy is nonexsistant.  Only spiritual/mental
   therianthropy is taken into account here.

 o You know the single agent self theory of consciousness.  Belief in
          this theory is not necessary, for the concepts here use it only
          for an abstract description of the theory.

Part II - Separation of State

The prevailing attitudes of those who subscribe in therianthropy see the
word as pertaining to those who 'shift' either their mental or physical
forms to that of an animal that's not human.  And most certainly the
classical definition of therianthropy has a great number who fit this simple
dual-based nature, that of two distinct states: human and animal.  However,
with the basis of therianthropy moored the critical 'shifter' definition, it
marginalizes those who identify and feel the presence of animals but lack
the shifting boundary.  Therefore, because they do NOT shift, they do not
fit into the classical definition of therianthropy.

These persons of mixed core nature (not dualistic) differ greatly from their
therianthropological counterparts.  Instead of transversing from one
perception to another, they perceive the world from one reasonably constant
frame.  This perception is based on a mixed amount of 'standard human'
(naughts) and high order animalistic nature that remains at it's static mix
level throughout their 'lifetime'.  Thus, these persons share the
animalistic nature that the classic therianthropes do, but on an everyday
basis instead of a dualistic single-time perception.  More precisely,
assuming a derivative of the single-agent-self idea for consciousness, the
dualistic single-time perception of therianthropes could be viewed as two
/different/ agents, one human and one animal, with only one having access to
hardware that can provide perception.  The changing of the agent that uses
the perception hardware is the moment of shifting.  However, the single
mixed agent has continuous perception /and/ animalistic nature because the
single agent itself is imbued with the animal's high order nature.

Because of this serious difference the term therianthropy cannot apply to
the single mixed agent individual.  Therianthropy, by common definition, has
the element of shifting embedded in it, if only by definition, and not the
Latin translation (which is 'beast man').  I bring forth then
contherianthropy, adding 'con', from Latin 'contas', meaning unchanging. 
The unchanging is that of the single mixed agent and it's continuous
perception.  This then gives the single mixed agents a category, instead of
a twisted definition of the parent.

Part III - Condition of State

The agent, in response to it's perception of it's environment and itself,
exerts it's control over the total hardware that interacts with it's
perception.  The nature of the hardware is of little dispute: the body. 
However, the agent is more complex to define.  But, in the case of defining
therianthropes and contherianthropes separate from naughts it makes little
difference how the agent is actually implemented.  It is the end result of
self perception and action that is the more the concern than what's doing
the self perception and controlling action.  Therefore, you can link the
agent to a soul, as in western belief, or link it to the complex pathways of
the hardware, the brain.  Both perceive and direct the hardware, the body.

So, in the case of therianthropes, the agents are two dissimilar souls OR
two dissimilar sections or activity types of the brain*.  Perhaps, even 
* This section of the theory should be able to be proven by observation of
  therianthrope's brain activity in shifted and normal states and comparing.
with the souls or brain sharing data giving knowledge of the other, thus
realizing memories and emotions from the other agent through the perception
of the active agent.  The differences of action and self perception come
from the dissimilar makeup of the two agents.  One agent is the common human
agent, while the other is the animal agent.  These two vastly different
agents maintain their separation, and therefore understanding the values and
reactions of the two agents is much more simple because each is pure.  Even
in the case of mixed-mode operation (therianthropes that feel human and
animal presence when in human agent mode) the therianthrope's common data
repository gives them a history of both agents perceiving, therefore,
background data on how they /should/ perceive from the other agent when not
having that agent actively perceiving.

In the case of the contherianthropes, the agent (soul or brain) is singular,
with sections or routines that mix the values of human and animal.  This
then allows the contherianthrope a singular perception of the world .. with
no shifting.  But this is vastly more complex to define than a
therianthrope's.  Like the separation of the therianthropes,
contherianthropy is a realization of a finer melding of two dissimilar value
systems, again, human and animal.  Instead of two different agents,
contherianthropy takes the differences between the human and animal to a
finer grain, defining sections of the agent dissimilar.  Taking an example
from a more concrete point of view, perceive the agent as a large computer
program.  As with 4th generation languages, the program relies on the
subdividing of tasks into procedures, subunits of the main program that as a
whole complete it's function.  Therianthropes switch agents, ie, change
programs.  Contherianthropes have only one program, but some sections are
coded with human routines, some with animal routines.  Low level routines
are concrete, like drivers for systems (legs, hands), while high level
routines are abstract (emotional drives).  And because of the conflict
between high level human requirements, for example, low level societal
drives(as compared with high level, more abstract societal drives), the
conflicting low level animal routines are removed, leaving more abstract
high level animal routines.  Also, the low level animal routines that
conflict directly with human hardware are removed in favor of the applicable
human hardware drivers.  Then, as per the amount of mix (percent
human/percent animal), a contherianthrope has procedures that are human in
nature and animal in nature .. resulting in a single, unified agent.

Part IV - State of the Union

The differences in terms of daily operations for the therianthrope and
contherianthrope are large due to the differences in how their agents work. 
The end result may be similar, but the method of obtaining that result is
the crux of the matter. Therianthropes exhibit their classic shifting
behavior, limiting the animalistic natures to periods of short durations. 
Therefore, in everyday operation (ie, not shifted), the effect of the
animalistic nature on the therianthrope is limited to the impressions on the
person's memories made during times of shiftedness.  These impressions,
though possibly intense and having the ability to modify reactions, are
based only on past experience while being shifted.  This
past-affects-the-present result is countered by the intense times when the
person is actually shifted.  Contherianthropes, however, are driven in
everyday life by their combination of animalistic and human natures that are
constantly present.  The result is longer lasting strings of high order
animal reactions over time, even if the contherianthrope is totally unaware
of their animalistic nature.  For instance, take the example of a human-wolf
that joins a pack during everyday operations.  For the therianthrope, the
person is reacting to the impressions of needs on their memories from being
shifted, while the contherianthrope is reacting to a real time need to be a
part of a pack.  But, the therianthrope may not have done so until after
they understood their nature (epiphany point) and only displayed small
tokens of their therianthropic nature from subconscious or small, unknown
impressions of shifts.  In comparison, the contherianthrope would have been
a part of packs most of their life, obeying the coded wolven routines in
them, even before their epiphany point.

And so, the description of the therianthrope and contherianthrope differ not
in what the resultant actions are, but the method of arrival to those
actions and self perception.

(c) 1997 Joshua Lion Templin, 970119
    All rights reserved.



09/13/2012 5:26 PM

~ I Am Wolf ~

I am wolf, I am one of a kind
I have been here since ancient time
Wakan Tanka Blesses me to be
My kind will always run wild and free

It is my nature to avoid you, I am human shy
You hunt me from helicopters across the sky
Then you shoot at me as I try to flee ... Why?
Why does your kind wish my species to die?
We wolves run together in a family pack
Always guarding ourselves against attack
I do not attack your home or farm
I only attack when you intend wolf harm

Wolf has no markets or stores for food supply
We hunt the forests and where open fields lie
You speak and spread your untrue words
That we attack your live stock and herds
Why does man wish to kill wolf by his lying?
We only take lives of old, weak and already dying
You hunt and kill for sport and greed
We only hunt when our families have need

You place animal head trophies upon your wall
to make your egos walk vain and tall
Wolf needs no trophies for others to see
We only wish to live and preserve our family ...
We mate for life and survival just as you ...
We grieve for our lost ones same as you do
Why can we not share a new dawn ....
Let me be free to howl the moon my song

Loyalty and courage shines from my eyes
I am spirit of the wild that never dies
I am brother wolf, asehi ... I am he
I will always run the winds free ...

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