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Title: Lesson 82 For Fall Equinox 2010
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(Date Posted:09/05/2010 15:39 PM)
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What is Fall Equinox?

What Is it called in Wicca ?

What Is the Fall Equinox 2010 Sabbat Calendar?

What Do Witches and Wiccans/Pagans Do for this Sabbat?

What Is The Fall Equinox Moon?
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RE:Lesson 82 For Fall Equinox 2010
(Date Posted:08/07/2013 06:19 AM)

What is an equinox? The earliest humans spent more time outside than we do. They used the sky as both clock and calendar. They could easily see that the sun’s path across the sky, the length of daylight, and the location of the sunrise and sunset all shift in a regular way throughout the year.

Our ancestors built the first observatories to track the sun’s progress. One example is at Machu Picchu in Peru, where the Intihuatana stone, shown at right, has been shown to be a precise indicator of the date of the two equinoxes and other significant celestial periods. The word Intihuatana, by the way, literally means for tying the sun.

Today, we know each equinox and solstice is an astronomical event, caused by Earth’s tilt on its axis and ceaseless orbit around the sun.

Because Earth doesn’t orbit upright, but is instead tilted on its axis by 23-and-a-half degrees, Earth’s Northern and Southern Hemispheres trade places in receiving the sun’s light and warmth most directly. We have an equinox twice a year – spring and fall – when the tilt of the Earth’s axis and Earth’s orbit around the sun combine in such a way that the axis is inclined neither away from nor toward the sun.

Earth’s two hemispheres are receiving the sun’s rays equally now. Night and day are approximately equal in length. The name ‘equinox’ comes from the Latin aequus (equal) and nox (night). Image credit: Przemyslaw Idzkiewicz.

But, since Earth never stops moving around the sun, these days of equal sunlight and night will change quickly.

Where should I look to see signs of the equinox in nature? The knowledge that summer is gone – and winter is coming – is everywhere now, on the northern half of Earth’s globe.

If you live in the Northern Hemisphere, you can easily notice the later dawns and earlier sunsets.

Also notice the arc of the sun across the sky each day. You’ll find it’s shifting toward the south. Birds and butterflies are migrating southward, too, along with the path of the sun.

The shorter days are bringing cooler weather. A chill is in the air. In New York City and other fashionable places, people have stopped wearing white. Creatures of the wild are putting on their winter coats.

All around us, trees and plants are ending this year’s cycle of growth. Perhaps they are responding with glorious autumn leaves, or a last burst of bloom before winter comes.

In the night sky, Fomalhaut – the Autumn Star – is making its way across the heavens each night.

Does the sun rise due east and set due west at the equinox? Generally speaking, yes, it does. And that’s true no matter where you live on Earth, because we all see the same sky.

No matter where you are on Earth, you have a due east and due west point on your horizon. That point marks the intersection of your horizon with the celestial equator – the imaginary line above the true equator of the Earth.

At the equinoxes, the sun appears overhead at noon as seen from Earth’s equator shows the sun’s location on the celestial equator, every hour, on the day of the equinox.

That’s why the sun rises due east and sets due west for all of us. The sun is on the celestial equator, and the celestial equator intersects all of our horizons at points due east and due west.

This fact makes the day of an equinox a good day for finding due east and due west from your yard or other favorite site for watching the sky. Just go outside around sunset or sunrise and notice the location of the sun on the horizon with respect to familiar landmarks.

If you do this, you’ll be able to use those landmarks to find those cardinal directions in the weeks and months ahead, long after Earth has moved on in its orbit around the sun, carrying the sunrise and sunset points southward.


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RE:Lesson 82 For Fall Equinox 2010
(Date Posted:08/07/2013 06:34 AM)

Autumnal Equinox or Mabon


The word Mabon is just one of the many names applied to the celebration of the autumnal equinox which occurs on or about September 21.

For early Pagans this was a time to morn the decline and passing of the vegetative/harvest God.

It was also a time to celebrate the assurance that the Goddess was pregnant with His seed, that She would give birth to Him, and that He would return in the spring.

The only difficulty was that our ancestors had to survive the time of His disappearance. Hence, this was also a time of last minute collecting and planning.

The last of the grains, fruits and vegetables were collected, processed and stored. Fish and game were preserved. Wood was cut and stacked. The last of the mending of the buildings, homes and fences was done. Everything possible was done to prepare for the difficulties of the winter months ahead. For some cultures, this time of equal light and dark was an important marker in their year. For some, though the occurrence was noted, it was not celebrated in any major way.

practices for autumnal equinox that are held around the world.


Called on Tammuz (vegetative God), Ishtar (Goddess of fertility and love) and Siduri (Goddess who makes wine and beer).

Celtic Autumnal Equinox

Called on Mabon ap Modron (Child of Light), Cernunnos (Horned God of fertility, animals, the Underworld, guardian in both worlds), the Green Man (God of male creativity, rebirth and renewal), Dagda (Good God, the All-Father of Earth, magick, life and death), Arawn (ruler of the Underworld), Cerridwen (Barley Goddess, Goddess of wisdom, the Autumn Crone, the Nurse of Seeds, the Dark Mother of Mysteries) and/or Modron to celebrate the festival.


Celebrated Alban Elfed (Light of Autumn) or Alban Elued (Light of Water). Egyptians Called on Hathor (House Above), Het-Heru (House Below), Osirus (agriculture and vegetation God), Isis (Goddess of magick, beer, life, agriculture and beauty), Ranuta (Goddess of snakes, winemakers and vineyards), Mir (fertility God) and Wapwait (local agricultural God).


Called Oschophoria and was the celebration of the grape harvest. Here Dionysus is honored (God of wine, cheer and vegetation – an early form of Bacchus). The Greater Eleusinian Mysteries are also preformed to honor Persephone, Horned Demeter, Aphrodite and Adonis.

Indian form of Autumnal Equinox

The Hindu hold the Navrati or Dunga Puja where they honor the Goddess Dunga (Goddess of strength, womanhood and motherhood, the universe protector and of vegetative growth). She is one of the main forms of shakti, the dynamic, creative feminine energy of Nature. The Zorastrians hold Mibragan, the feast of Mithra (God of the Sun, light, wisdom, contracts and friendship) or Baga-Mithra which is the feast of community and thanksgiving.


Sukkot, the Festival of the Harvest Season or the Festival of Ingathering. It is the third and last festival that honors the exodus from Egypt. Rosh Hashana (or Yom Ha- Zikkaran or Yom Teruah), the beginning of the Jewish New Year is celebrated. Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement is held.

Norse celebration of Autumnal Equinox

Held Winter Nights, the Harvest Festival, Haustblot or the Autumn Sacrifice. It marked the final harvest that was sacred to Freyr (God of plenty, the Harvest God, God of gentle rain, mild winds, sunshine and the One who watches over the dead) and Freyja (Goddess of love, marriage, fertility, childbirth, protection in battle, peace and also watches over the dead). Thor (Sky God of thunder and lightning – links Earth and Sky, Bringer of fertility to the harvest), Sif, Idunna, Jord, the Landuaettir and the Disir were also honored. It was a time of thanksgiving and of asking for protection against the coming winter.

Roman and/or Italian Autumnal Equinox

Equinozio de Autumno which honours the slaying of the Harvest Lord and the descent of the Goddess into the Underworld to find her lost love. Prosephina, Pomona (Goddess of fruit trees), Venus (love, beauty, vegetation, gardens, fields and vineyard Goddess) and/or Bacchus (wine, cheer and vegetation God) are called on and honoured.

Autumnal Equinox:The Story of Mabon and Modron

The story of Mabon is part of the tale of Culhwch & Olwen. Mabon was stolen from his mother Modron 3 days after his birth, at the very beginning of time. Culhwch was cursed – he would never have a wife unless he married Olwen, daughter of Ysbaddaden, Chief-giant of the land. However, the giant knew his life would end with his daughter’s marriage, so he killed every suitor who entered his fort. Just in case, he also set up 39 impossible tasks for any potential husband to do if the suitor evaded the trap of the fort.

Culhwch accepted the tasks and vowed to return victorious. He was accompanied on his quest by his cousin, King Arthur, and his Champions. The first of the tasks was to seek Mabon, who was the key to all the other quests. To get to Mabon, they had to rely on the memories of the Oldest Animals to find his location.

They went to the Blackbird of Cilgwni who led them to the Stag of Rhedynfie, then the Owl of Cawlryd, the Eagle of Gwernabwy and finally to the Salmon of Lyn Llyw. The Salmon of Wisdom took two of the Companions on his shoulders to the wall of Caer Loyw where they heard someone grieving. This was Mabon who was painfully incarcerated with no hope of escape. The Champions battled for and won Mabon’s release. Mabon joined the group and helped Culhwch complete his tasks and win Olwen’s hand in marriage.

Symbolically, the Autumnal Equinox is the time of Mabon’s capture and the beginning of mourning of Modron, his mother. This is the beginning of the season of cold and progressive darkness, paralleled by the slowing down and moving inward of the plants and animals of the Earth.

The Autumnal Equinox reflects the time of Modron’s morning when her son has disappeared from the earth. Many traditions honor Mabon’s release at the Winter Solstice when the days begin to lengthen again.

Activities for Autumnal Equinox or Mabon

Feed the Wildlife

– Particularly birds in and around a bird feeder. You can build a feeder out of a large hollowed out and dried gourd.

Hold an Autumnal Equinox Party

– Build Sun Wheels, Solar Discs and or Equinox masks. Erect a Sun Stone to mark when the sun is directly overhead and casts no shadow.

Homemade Candles

– Can be made by pouring or rolling. Our ancestors would make them at this time of year because the wax would be available and they would be needed in the time of darkness that would lie ahead.

Honour the Young and the Old

– The young have just entered the world from the Great Beyond and our elders will soon enter beyond the Veil of Life. Honor and spend time with them.

Autumnal Equinox or Mabon Centrepiece

– Small cornucopia filled with apples, nuts and grapes. On one side a gold candle; on the other a silver one.

Make a Corn Dolly

– Wheat Mother, Wheat Bride, Kern Baby. Use wheat sheaves or corn stalks. Dress in colorful cloths or small cloths. Keep throughout winter. Can redress in spring or burn in spring fire.

Make an Autumnal Equinox Wreath

– Use grapevines, wire or a Styrofoam base. Add filler; evergreen branches, green or coloured leaves, ivy, green vines, and/or moss. Can add ornaments like dried flowers, nuts, coloured leaves, red chilli peppers, pine cones, dried seeds, herbs, berries, etc.

Make Gourd Rattles

– Coyote gourds work best for this as they merely have to be dried. You can use other gourds but may have to hollow them out, put in rattle material then re-plug the gourd.

Make Sun Wheel

– Can use straw or even paper plates and gold glitter. Can make solar disc by using equal armed cross with surrounding circle; two sticks with vines. Decorate and use on alter or hang above a door.

Paraffin Leaves

– Dip leaves in liquid paraffin wax to preserve them. Let dry on wax paper. Inscribe with sigils or signs. Use for decoration or magick.

Predict the Weather

– Temperature can be found by counting the chirps of a cricket in 14 seconds. Build or install a rain gauge. Build or install a wind gauge. Keep track of daily high temperatures, rain amounts and wind speed and direction throughout the winter season.

Tend Your Garden

– Clean up plants and note what grew where. You need to rotate your crops and replace nutrients that some crops remove from the soil.

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RE:Lesson 82 For Fall Equinox 2010
(Date Posted:08/07/2013 06:40 AM)

Mabon, or Autumn Equinox, is one of the solar festivals on the Wiccan Wheel of the Year. In the Wicca calendar, this festival falls near September 21 in the Northern Hemisphere, and March 21 in the Southern Hemisphere.

Equinox means "equal night." On this Wiccan Sabbat, day and night are equal forces, and now Darkness is beginning to gain the ascendancy.

As with all spiritual matters, we must ask: "What does this mean, symbolically?" Putting aside old superstition and association of "dark" with "evil," what does Autumn Equinox tell us?

The Equinoxes demonstrate balance, the breathing of life through contraction as well as expansion. Indeed, Mabon falls on the astrological date of the sun entering Libra -- the Scales of Balance.

Here on Earth, the Light and the Darkness dance together, co-creators. We -- celebrants of the Earth and all that is Divine -- can mirror this dance of balance in our own lives. Wiccan rituals that honour Mabon recognise this dance.

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RE:Lesson 82 For Fall Equinox 2010
(Date Posted:08/07/2013 07:15 AM)

Mabon, The Witches’ Thanksgiving


The bitter and the sweet collide at the festival of Mabon. It is at once a time to give thanks for the bounty you have created in your life – and a time to grieve for the little deaths we all must endure to truly be alive.


It’s your chance to acknowledge the combination of your creative energy and the natural order, both of which helped you to grow this year. The purpose of paying this respect is twofold.


It can be hard to let go of summer’s energy, its sensuous warmth and easy good times. Farewelling its carefree spirit made easier by witches observation of the astronomical and agricultural seasonal sacred signposts. That’s why, on a mundane level, it’s a wonderful season to begin:

• a savings plan
• set goals for the future
• make jams and preserves for winter
• restock your herbal medicine cabinet
• clean out any essential oils, flower remedies etc that have lost their energy
• completely clean out your fridge
• repair broken windows,
• think of how best to make your home secure and snug and warm for the coming introspection of Samhain
• cooking soups, stews, any slow cooked foods with root vegetables

It’s a fortuitous time to clear energy in your house – sort of the reverse of spring-cleaning. This clean-up is to make ready for the colder nights coming, to acknowledge that the bare landscape has it own beauty and lessons – as well as a mental clarity and deep wisdom of experience that can be difficult to achieve during Beltane’s sensuous haze, and Litha’s youthful joy. This is older, wiser, deeper, sadder – and somehow more beautiful. Prepare to snuggle into it and delve into your own shadow side in comfort.

It’s essential to give thanks for bounty. Write down on a piece of parchment all you have achieved Write down something you felt you really mastered. It can be a small thing – to others – or a great success. It can be a relationship that you gained closure with – and this is a good time to remember any pain you may have gone through. This could also be a time for letting go. This is the phase of the natural year in which the earth goddess Demeter learned that although her daughter would be returned to her for six months of the year, she also was told that Persephone had eaten six seeds of the underworld fruit, the pomegranate, ensuring her daughter would be forever linked to Hades and live underground for six months. This is the beginning of Persephone’s departure from her mother’s home to return to her husband and the underworld, and thus the start of Demeter’s wild grieving. It was her grief that turned the earth cold, and it was the approaching winter that forced the people of the land to gather their second and last harvest of the year. Those who didn’t would be forced to confront the realities of a barren earth, perhaps without enough stores to get them through.

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RE:Lesson 82 For Fall Equinox 2010
(Date Posted:08/07/2013 07:29 AM)

The Harvest Moon is characterised by a shorter-than-usual time between moonrises, from one night to the next, around the time of full moon.


In traditional skylore, the Harvest Moon is the full moon closest to the autumnal equinox. For us in the Northern Hemisphere,


The Time of the Harvest Moon

A harvest moon occurs at a specific time of the year. The moon officially turns full when it reaches the spot opposite to the sun. The harvest moon happens on 13:59 Greenwich time on the Saturday nearest to the fall equinox, which is September 23rd. Once in every three years we get the same full moon in October, but the one in September is called the harvest moon because farmers can continue their harvest late into the night by the light of the full moon. The same moon appears three days in succession, but the one that appears on Saturday is the one that receives this name.

Other names for this moon are the Wine Moon, the Elk Call Moon and the Singing Moon. It received the name of harvest moon because it appears in the Northern Hemisphere at the time of the year that coincides with the harvesting of crops.

It's For The Birds

During a harvest moon there are other advantages for the bird lovers of our planet. This is the perfect time to watch the birds migrate past the light that emits from the moon. Some studies have proven that birds rely on the Harvest moon to migrate from one area to another. They have also proven that the birds wait for this moon to begin their migration.

Gazing Upon a Harvest Moon

The moon during the year rises about 50 minutes later each day, but near autumn equinox the time shortens to 30 minutes. Some years there is an extra treat for moon watchers when they do their gazing between dusk and dawn. Wildfires in North America and dust storms in Africa sometimes fill our air with aerosols. A low hanging harvest moon can give an array of colours that is not usually seen. There is also an added treat to watching a harvest moon. This is called moon illusion because the rising or setting moon looks bigger than when it does high in the sky.


Also known as the Barley or Hunter's Moon, the Harvest Moon is a time of protection, prosperity, and abundance. This is the time of year when the grains are being harvested, and it is a good time for magick involving your prosperity, abundance, and the nurturing of others. If you have had a long illness, this is the time to finally come back to full health again. This is also the time to obtain that higher paying position at work. The energy of the Harvest Moon will help along any magick that is geared to bring you or someone else abundance.

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