Silvanus was a minor Roman god of the woodlands and forests whose worship seemed largely limited to northern Italy. He was incorporated into the Celtic pantheon where his symbolism included a billhook, pots, and hammers. He also presided over the clearing and tilling of land, but it was necessary to propitiate him before embarking on such tasks. The stag was his sacred animal. A.G.H.
Grimal, Pierre, Larousse World Mythology, Secaucus, New Jersey, Chartwell Books, 1965, p. 181
Jordan, Michael, Encyclopedia of Gods, New York, Facts On File, Inc. 1993, p. 236
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