Light & Shadows of Chalandor Book of Shadows
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Title: The Oak King
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Autumn_Heather
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Registered: 11/21/2008

(Date Posted:02/19/2009 06:10 AM)
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The Oak King

The Oak King, the Lord of the Greenwood and  golden twin of the waxing year, rules from Midwinter to Midsummer.  At Midwinter,  he goes to battle with his twin, the Holly King,  for the favor of the Goddess.  He slays the  Holly King, who goes to rest in Caer Arianrhod  until they do battle  again at Midsummer. The Oak King and Holly King are mortal  enemies  at Midsummer and Midwinter, but they are two sides of a whole. Neither  could exist without the other.
Two  themes run throughout the Oak King and Holly King saga. The  first,  of course, is the two great yearly battles between the two. The  second is  the sacrificial mating, death, and resurrection of each  in his season. At  Beltane, the peak of the Oak King's reign, he  sacrificially mates with the Great  Mother, dies in her embrace,  and is resurrected. This is an enactment of the  natural fertility  theme of the season, and is not uncommon in other mythologies:  Osiris,  Tammuz, Dionysus, Balder, and Jesus are only a few other gods who  die  and are resurrected. (The Holly King on the other hand, mates,  dies and is  resurrected at Lammas.) This aspect of the Oak King  and Holly King is not widely  discussed, but is an important element  in their roles as fertility  gods.
 
The Oak King
Represents: Growth, Expansion
Gods: Jupiter  (Roman god  of light and sky)
Janus (Roman god  of planting, marriage, birth, and other  types of beginnings)
Dagda (Irish-Celtic god of the earth)
Frey (Norse fertility god)
Pan  (Greek god of fertility, unbridled male sexuality  and carnal  desire)
Colors: Red, green, yellow,  purple
Plant: Oak,  mistletoe
Bird: Robin
Associated  myths: Robin Hood, King Arthur, Gawain (when he meets  the Green Knight),  Jesus, Balder, Green Man
 

THE HOLLY KING

The Holly King, the Lord of the Winterwood and darksome  twin  of the waning year, rules from Midsummer to Midwinter. At  Midsummer, he goes to  battle with his twin, the Oak King, for  the favor of the Goddess. He slays the  Oak King, who goes to rest  in Caer Arianrhod until they do battle again at  Midsummer. The  Oak King and Holly King are mortal enemies at Midsummer and  Midwinter,  but they are two sides of a whole. Neither could exist without the  other.
Two themes run throughout  the Holly King and Oak King saga.  The first, of course, is the  two great yearly battles between the two. The  second is the sacrificial  mating, death, and resurrection of each in his season.  At Lammas,  the peak of the Holly King's reign, he sacrificially mates with  the  Great Mother, dies in her embrace, and is resurrected. This  is an enactment of  the natural fertility theme of the season,  and is not uncommon in other  mythologies: Osiris, Tammuz, Dionysus,  Balder, and Jesus are only a few other  gods who die and are resurrected.  (The Oak King on the other hand, mates, dies  and is resurrected  at Beltane.) This aspect of the Holly King and Oak King is  not  widely discussed, but is an important element in their roles as  fertility  gods.
 
The Holly King
Represents: Withdrawal, lessons,  life, rest
Gods: Saturn  (Roman agricultural god)
Cronos (Greek god, also  known as Father Time)
Father Ice/Grandfather Frost (Russian winter  god)
Odin/Wotan (Scandinavian/Teutonic  All-Father who  rides the sky on an eight-legged horse)
The Tomte (a Norse Land Spirit known for giving gifts  to children at this time of year)
Thor (Norse sky god who rides the sky in a chariot  drawn by goats)
Color: Black, Red, Green,  Gold
Plant: Holly 
Bird: Wren
Associated myths: Santa  Claus in all his variations, the Green Knight from Arthurian legend,  Mordred  (who struck down King Arthur), St. John, Corn King, Bran  the Blessed 
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