Light & Shadows of Chalandor Book of Shadows
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From: USA
Registered: 11/21/2008

(Date Posted:02/13/2009 00:07 AM)
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All Herbs
Starting with
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Botanical Names:  There are over 30 different varieties of Lavendar!  These are a few of their botanical names:
  Lavendula officinale
  L. vera
  L. delphinensis
  L. fragrans
Gender: Masculine
Astrological: Virgo
Planet: Mercury
Element: Air
Goddess: Iduna, Flora
Power: Love, Protection, Sleep, Chastity, Longevity, Purification, Happiness, Peace, Clarity
Tarot: The Hermit
Zones: 3-9
Height: 2-3 feet
Sun: Full Sun
Lavender has scented purple, white, or blue flowers in summer and attractive fragrant, silvery foliage all year. Technically, this plant is a sub-shrub because of its semiwoody base, which means it wont die back in winter. The cutivar 'Munstead' has lavendar flowers and a nice compact form.
Lavender is perfect for the front of a bed or border, for the cutting garden, for the herb garden, for containers or for edging a pathway. Lavender looks wonderful massed for a formal look or used as an accent plant to soften edges around a garden bed.
Give Lavender an average to dry soil, not too rich. No need to cut plants back in the fall. Plants in Zone 5 will need winter protection. After the ground freezes, place evergreen boughs loosely over the plants. Look for emerging leaves in the early spring, then cut them back to tidy up the plants.
Lavender is of fairly easy culture in almost any friable, garden soil. It grows best on light soil - sand or gravel - in a dry, open and sunny position. Loam over chalk also suits it. It requires good drainage and freedom from damp in winter.
The plant flourishes best on a warm, welldrained loam with a slope to the south or south-west. A loam that is too rich is detrimental to the oil yield, as excessive nourishment tends to the growth of leaf. Protection against summer gales by a copse on the southwest is also of considerable value, as these gales may do great damage to the crop by causing the tall flower-spikes to break away at their junction with the stem. Lavender also is liable to injury by frost and low-lying situations and those prone to become weatherbound in winter are to be avoided.
Dr. Fernie, in Herbal Simples, says:
"By the Greeks the name Nardus is given to Lavender, from Naarda, a city of Syria near the Euphrates, and many persons call the plant "Nard." St. Mark mentions this as Spikenard, a thing of great value.... In Pliny's time, blossoms of the Nardus sold for a hundred Roman denarii (or L.3 2s. 6d.) the pound. This Lavender or Nardus was called Asarum by the Romans, because it was not used in garlands or chaplets. It was formerly believed that the asp, a dangerous kind of viper, made Lavender its habitual place of abode, so that the plant had to be approached with great caution.' L. SPICA and L. FRAGRANS often form hybrids, known as 'Bastard Lavender,' which grow in the mountain districts of France and Spain. Great care is necessary to avoid admixture in the still during distillation of Lavender, as Spike and the hybrids both injure the quality of the essential oil of true Lavender.
"'White Lavender,' which is sometimes found in the Alps at extreme altitudes, is considered to be a form of L. delphinensis, the white flowers being a case of albinism. Attempts to propagate this form in this country rarely meet with much success."
Of Sage and of Lavender, both the purple and the rare white (there is a kinde hereof that beareth white flowers and somewhat broader leaves, but it is very rare and seene but in few places with us, because it is more tender and will not so well endure our cold Winters).' Lavender,' he says, 'is almost wholly spent with us, for to perfume linnen, apparell, gloves and leather and the dryed flowers to comfort and dry up the moisture of a cold braine.
'This is usually put among other hot herbs, either into bathes, ointment or other things that are used for cold causes. The seed also is much used for worms.'
Lavender is of 'especiall good use for all griefes and paines of the head and brain,' it is now almost solely grown for the extraction of its essential oil, which is largely employed in perfumery.
History Of French Lavender:
The whole plant is somewhat sweete, but nothing so much as Lavender. It groweth in the Islands Staechades which are over against Marselles and in Arabia also: we keep it with great care in our Gardens. It flowreth the next yeare after it is sowne, in the end of May, which is a moneth before any Lavender.' Lavender was one of the old street cries, and white lavender is said to have grown in the garden of Queen Henrietta Maria.
Among the lore is the belief that lavender is associated with snakes. In the second volume of Grieve's A Modern Herbal we find this reference:
Dr. Fernie, in Herbal Simples: "By the Greeks the name Nardius is given to Lavender, from Naarda, a city of Syria near the Europhrates, and many persons call the plant as 'Nard.' Saint Mark mentions this as Spikenard, a thing of great value....It was formerly believed that the asp, a dangerous kind of viper, made Lavender its habitual place of abode, so that the plant had to be approached with great caution."We know that lavender has been an herb treated both with respect and as a sacred herbe since ancient times. Customs date to pre-Christian times in which lavender is brought into Midsummer rites. It is one of the many herbs said to have been selected by the three legendary King Solomon, son of David who lived some three thousand years ago, to aspurge his temple.

Lavender was very popular in the Middle Ages. The lore at this time is impressive, even if inconsistent. Used by some to promote lust and romance, others believed it kept them from the temptations of the flesh.
Physical Uses: Modern usage includes lavender's being burned in birthing rooms, the scent of its smoke filling the room, keeping it pure, and welcoming the new life intot he world. Established customs indicate lavender may have the properties of a Fertility Herb. It has been woven into small wreaths to crown newly married couples, and its often used in Handfasting rituals today. There are other ways it can be brought into a ritual of union: it can be part of the leixer in the ritual cup shared by the newly joined couple, adding permanence to their vows; the blossoms can be added to the bridal bouquet; ritual bathing prior to the nuptials might make use of lavender soap; a wise cook might grind the flowers into a fine powder to be mixed into the cake's batter. It is suspected that lavender's use in Handfastings and marriages comes from a belief that it promotoed fertility in women.
Lavender was thrown into fires on Saint John's day. Today lavender is often included in Midsummer incense, but it can be used at any time of year. Lavender is known for its ability to increase one's clarity when viewing the world and to assist the evolution of one's spirit through life. This well-known herb is used magickally to assist bringing any work into manifestation. The herb has been associated with the god Saturn, which enhances the potential for permanence of its magickal workings.
Despite lavender's mercurial nature, it is believed capable of invoking deities such as Hecate and Saturn. And yet this powerful herb is known to bring calmness and serenity to one's inner self. It is used in a remedial fashion to alleviate stress and may be used magickally for the same purpose. If working with ritual or magick to promote healing from a depression, lavender is a superior choice.
As mentioned in the lore, there is some association with snakes. Whether this is an aspect of lavender's ability to increase one's wisdom (the snake has been associated with knowledge since early biblical times) or of folklore (Snakes may find comfort resting beneath the bush), this information may be of value to many practitioners. There are a significant number of deities associated with snakes and lavender might be used in a ritual to any of them. Lavender would also serve as a patron herb for those who work with or keep snakes.
Magickal Uses:  Lavender is sometimes used to increase one's ability to manifest money or attract desired possessions; however, if the motive for the magickal working is desire rather than genuine need, the magick could work in reverse.
Associated with the hermit card, lavender is also used inthe blessing of one's home. A bunch of lavender bound together is well used in the aspurging of one's home, temple or ritual circle.
Carrying Lavender is used as a charm for protection. Making a cup of lavender tea can calm your nerves. Using Lavender in your bath water can relax your muscles. Spritsing your sheets before bedtime can induce sleep. Put a few drops of lavender oil in with a bottle of witch hazel to purify your home. Gather one bunch of lavender for the magickal circle when performing rituals. Rub Lavender oil behind your ear lobes for good luck. Keep lavender in the car for protection.
Cunninghams Encyclopedia of Magickal Herbs
Bud, Blossom, & Leaf, by Dorothy Morrison
Mrs Grieves Modern Herbal... first and second volumes
Herbal Simples, by Dr. Fernie

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(Date Posted:02/13/2009 00:08 AM)


MEDICINAL: Lavendar tea made from the blossoms is used as an antidepressant. It is used in combination with other herbs for a remedy for depression and nervous tension and stress. It is also used as a headache remedy.

RELIGIOUS: Lavendar is used in purification baths and rituals. It is used in healing incenses and sachets. Carrying the herb will enable the carrier to see ghosts. The essential oil will heighten sexual desire in men. Lavendar water sprinkled on the head is helpful in keeping your chastity. The flowers are burned to induce sleep, and scattered throughout the home to maintain peaceful harmony within. Carrying lavendar brings strength and courage.

GROWING: Lavendar likes light sandy soil and full sun. It grows to 18 inches. It should be mulched in colder climates for winter protection for this perennial.

DESCRIPTION: These perennials are found wild in the Mediterranean region and there are many varieties. Lavender has been used for hundreds of years in sachets, potpourris and linens and to give a light flavor to fruit dishes, sauces, cordials, and confections. The different varieties of this plant range in height from 9 inches to 3 feet, although some may grow taller with age. They have thin leaves and many long spikes of lavender or purple flowers that grow up from the leaf axils. L. angustifolia, English Lavender, is a frost-hardy species that has many pretty cultivars that vary in size, habit and blossom color. L. dentata is a tender species with shorter flower spikes than L. angustifolia. L. stoechas is a large plant with greenish-gray foliage and its late blooming flowers have a very strong scent. L. lanata has whitish colored leaves and L. pinnata has wide leaves. The flowers and the foliage of Lavender are sweet smelling and may be used dried or fresh. They produce fragrant oil that is extracted for commercial use. Hybrids developed specifically for this purpose have a high lavender-oil content and are known as lavandins.

POTTING: Lavender needs a sunny position in light, well-drained sandy loam. An addition of compost or decayed manure would be beneficial. Add dolomitic limestone to raise the pH to 6.5 to 7.5. Grow tender species and hybrids in containers and bring them into a cool, sunny room during the winter. Fresh Lavender leaves can be used, along with other herbs, to flavor strong game meats and fowl. Use fresh flowers to make Lavender preserves. If desired for dried use, pick flowers just as they open along with some of the scented foliage and hang in a dark, airy room to dry.

PROPAGATION: There are a few different methods to increase your plants. Cuttings may be made, which are 3 or 4 inches long, from the new shoots of the season; insert these in sandy soil. Plants may also be divided and replanted. Seeds are very difficult to germinate. Start them indoors in late autumn or winter at a 70- to 75-degree temperature. It is necessary to have fluorescent lights.

VARIETIES: L. angustifolia & its varieties alba, Grappenhall Variety, nana (also called Dwarf French Lavender), Munstead Dwarf, Folgate Variety, and Twickel Purple. L. dentata; L. Stoechas; L. multifida; L. lanata; L. pinnata; L. angustifolia                                   

Botanical Website
Scott Cunningham Encyclopedia of Herbs

The Lavender Herb


The scent of lavender seems to recall grandmothers, graceful teas, and the cleanest of linen closets. Almost everyone will have a pleasant memory awakened when confronted with this soothing scent.

Lavender has been used since Roman times, when soldiers used it in their bath (its properties for relaxation are well known). In the Middle Ages, herbalists prescribed it for apoplexy, palsy, and loss of speech. Churches in Spain and Portugal strew it on the floor as a way to banish evil spirits.  

Coming from the Latin word lavandus, meaning to be washed, lavender is a natural in cleaning. Containing antiseptic, antibacterial, and antifungal properties, it is a wonderful treatment for bug bites, or any mild skin irritation, including acne. Simply dab some of the essential oil on the afflicted area, or put a lavender sachet in your bath water.

Around the house, use lavender wax on the furniture, or wash the floors with lavender water. A few sprigs placed between woolens in your closet can help keep away moths.

Lavender is lovely in the garden, not only for its own beautiful blooms, but for the butterflies it attracts. It is reasonably hardy, with no insect pests and an ability to withstand at least mild bouts of drought. Indeed, too much moisture can create root rot, so make sure the plant has adequate drainage. There are numerous varieties of lavender, and between them, the blossoms can be found from zone 3 through 10, so talk with your local nursery to find out which is the best variety for your area. The most important thing to have is alkaline soil and full sun. The blooms begin in June and can last through August, depending on the variety.

The best known of the species is Lavandula angustifolia, sometimes called English or true lavender. The Buena Vista variety of this type is bred for its sweet fragrance and deep color, and is perfect for drying.

Lavandula latifolia, otherwise known as spike lavender, is more tolerant of high humidity, and contains the Provence variety, which is very tall and very strongly scented, giving your garden a definite perfume quality.  French lavender (lavandula dentate) is delicate and lovely in the garden, but that delicacy makes for poor drying.

Making lavender oil is not only simple, but makes for a gracious gift. Fill a jar with lightly bruised stems and flowers, then fill with good quality almond oil to cover. Seal jar, and let the mixture steep for a month, shaking it daily to ensure that the fragrance is distributed throughout the oil. After one month, strain the concoction through cheesecloth and then pour the filtered oil into a decorative jar. A few lavender blossoms placed in with the oil improves appearance.


Title: The lavender herb
Description: The lavender herb has been used for thousands of years, whether in food, in the garden, in the medicine cabinent, or just looking lovely in the garden. Find out more about this intriguing herb.

These are two of the plants of Lavender .  The purple in color is Lavender as we know it.
The golden one
is called
Cotton lavender.
Here is some information of the plant Cotton Lavender.
LAVENDER (cotton)
It is an antidote for all sorts of poison.
A shrubby plant with roundish leaves which are retained all winter. The stalks have long white hoary leaves and many yellow flowers.
Where to find it: It is cultivated in gardens as an edging plant, but is a native of the Mediterranean countries.
Flowering time: Mid to late summer.
Astrology: It is under Mercury.
Medicinal virtues: The leaves and sometimes the flowers are used. The leaves and flowers boiled in milk and taken fasting will destroy worms. It is good against obstructions of the liver, the jaundice and to promote the' menses. It is an antidote for the bites and stings of venomous creatures.
A dram (1.7 g) of the powdered leaves taken every morning on an empty stomach stops the running of the reins in men, and whites in women. The seed, beaten to a powder and taken as worrn-seed, kills worms in children and people of riper years. Bathing in a decoction of the herb helps scabs and the itch.
Modern uses: An infusion of the herb - 1 Oz (28 g) to 1 Pt (568 ml) of boiling water - is used as a worm remedy in children and to promote menstruation in women whose periods are irregular. The infusion is taken in doses of 2 fl oz (56 ml).



Lavender:  Relaxant, anti-depressant, restorative, antiseptic, decongestant, expectorant, detoxifying, diuretic.
Internal:  For anxiety, depression, nervousness, and physical symptoms (tension, headaches, palpitations, and insomnia).  Lavender has a ddply calming effect.  Relieves distentsion, gas, nausea, and indigestion-stimulates the appetite.  Makes an excellent remedy for colds, phlegm and chest infections.  Taken as a hot tea, lavender causes swating and reduces fever.
External:  In aromatherapy-lavender oil inhaled or massaged into skin it is considered a balancer of emotions.  Lifts the spirits, relieves depression, balances inner disharmony.  Stimulates the nervous system, restores strength and vitality.  As a diluted oil, its cooling and antiseptic properties makes a good disinfectant for cuts, woudns, sores, ulcers, and inflammatory skin conditions. Soothes pain of bruises, swollen joints.  Excellent remedy to repel insects and for bites and stings.  It is renowned for the treatment of burns as it stimulates tissue repair and minimizes scar formation.
Sweet Lavender
Source:  Better Homes & Gardens
Latin name: Lavandula angustifolia

Renowned naturalist Izaak Walton once said, "I long to be in a house where the sheets smell of lavender." Indeed, this fragrant herb has been romanticized through the ages, and today it is a popular fragrance in potpourris, sachets, and soaps. In lavender's history it also has been used for such diverse purposes as flavoring snuff, embalming the dead, and spurring romance.

Culinary uses: Though lavender is used more for its fragrance than for its flavor, the blossoms add a delicate flavor to beverages, cakes, muffins, and fruit soups.

Medicinal uses: Lavender served as a disinfectant during World War I because it has mild antiseptic properties. Used in moderation, lavender may be taken as a mild sedative and to relieve fainting spells.

Other uses: Place dried lavender in drawers and closets to freshen linens and underclothing. Mix it into potpourris and sachets. Lavender vinegar is said to help dry oily skin. The flowers are lovely in dried-flower arrangements and wreaths.

Cultivation: Lavender is best propagated from cuttings. Pull off a fresh shoot that includes an older piece of the existing plant. Plant the cuttings 3 to 4 inches apart in moist, sandy soil, in a shaded cold frame. After a year, transplant 4 to 6 feet apart in dry, gravelly soil. Clip back the first year outdoors to prevent flowering.

LAVENDER : Lavendula angustifolia
Parts Used: Flowers, Leaves.

Properties: Analgesic, Antibiotic, Antidepressant, Antifungal, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Aromatic, Carminative, Cholagogue, Digestive Tonic, Diuretic, Nervine, Rubefacient, Sedative, Stimulant, Stomach Tonic, Tonic.

Internal Uses: Asthma, Colic, Cough, Depression, Exhaustion, Fainting, Flatulence, Headache, Insomnia, Nausea, Nervousness, Pain, Stress, Sunburn, Vertigo, Vomiting

Internal Applications: Tea, Tincture, cooking herb

Lavender is one of the strongest anti-bacterial and anti-virals there is. No medicine cabinet or apothecary garden is complete without it! Lavender is a good nervine relaxant and stress reliever.

Topical Uses: Acne, Burns, Cellulite, Cold Sores, Eczema, Edema, Fatigue, Halitosis, Headache, Infection, Insect Bites, Insect Repellent, Insect Stings, Irritability, Joint Pain, Lice, Muscle Soreness, Rheumatism, Scabies, Scars, Snakebites, Toothache, Yeast Infection

Topical Applications: Use as a mouthwash for bad breath, foot bath for fatigue, and douche for yeast infections. Essential oil is used for toothaches, cold sores, acne and sore joints. It can be rubbed on the temples to alleviate a headache. Undiluted, it is an excellent remedy to apply to burns to promote healing, prevent infection and lessen scarring. Essential oil or fresh plant can be rubbed on the body as a bug repellent. It can prevent not only mosquito bites, but also lice and scabies infestation. Essential oil can be used topically on venomous bites such as bee stings, mosquitos, black widow and brown recluse spiders, wasps and snakes.

Place a drop of Lavender essential oil on the edge of the mattress of a teething baby to calm him/her down. Soaps, sachets and bath herbs can be used for cranky children or even for adults who have had a bad day. Use Lavender as a rinse for fragrant hair, and use it in massage oil for sore muscles, edema, rheumatism and cellulite. Use as a salve for eczema. Often used as perfume.

Culinary uses: Lavender is added in small amounts to stews and soups in French cooking. An ingredient in Herbes de Provence. Add small amounts in salads, fruit dishes and breads. One can make Lavender sorbet and Lavender shortbread. Also, use in vinegars, jams and candies.

Magikal uses: honoring Ancestor's, releasing spiritual baggage, renewal of goals, restoring happiness and balance

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(Date Posted:02/13/2009 00:11 AM)

Labrador Tea (Ledum latifolium), also called St James Tea, is gargled for a sore throat or put upon the head to kill lice.
2 part herb to 1 part water, boil and apply externally or gargle.

Lachnanthes (Lachnanthes tinctoria), also called Red Root, is a narcotic.
Fluid extract: 1 – 5 drops a day.

Lady’s Mantle (Alchemilla vulgaris) is good to reduce menstruation, stops bleeding when applied to a wound, and is a purgative.
½ ounce drunk as tea up to 2 times a day.
The roots were once powdered and added to love philters (potions).

Lady’s Slippers (Cypripedium pubescens, Cyprepedium parviflorum), also called American Valerian and Nerve-Root, are given in cases of hysteria and it works against spasms; causes dermatitis.
Powdered root: 1 dram; fluid extract: ½ - 1 dram; leaf: 3 grains a day.
The flowers are used in love spells perhaps because the buds resemble the scrotum.

Lady's Thumb (Polygonum persicaria) is used externally as a rub to reduce pain and to treat poison ivy and inflammation. It may greatly agitate a person.
½ ounce herb boiled in lard, apply externally.
The “thumbs” are used for gentle persuasion.

Large-flowered Monekyflower (Diplacus grandiflorus) is questionably toxic.
The buds are used for those who have a fear of crowds.

Larkspur (Delphinium Consolida) is applied to the head to get rid of lice and applied to hemorrhoids.
Up to 10 drops a day.
This herb chases away ghosts and protects from scorpions. The juice from the petals of the flower produces blue ink.

Laurel , Cherry (Prunus Laurocerasus) is a sedative and narcotic.
Fluid extract: ½ - 2 drams a day.

Laurel , Mountain (Kalmia latifolia), also called Spoonwood, is highly poisonous, and has the potential to cause people to commit suicide. Long ago it was used as an additive.
Fluid extract: 10 – 20 drops every 4 hours; powdered leaves: 10 – 30 grains once a day.
The leaves of this tree, however toxic, have been used in necromancy rituals.

Lavender, English (Lavandula augustifolia, formerly Lavandula vera) is said to ease the stomach. CAUTION: Avoid during pregnancy.
½ ounce of buds drunk as tea as needed.
The scent of Lavender calms the sex drive, and when added with Chamomile is a gentle, mild sedative.
Burn in the home for happiness.

Lavender, AmericanSea (Statice Caroliniana) is an astringent used mainly as a gargle and to treat hemorrhoids.
1 ounce powdered root to 1 pint of boiling water.

Lemongrass (cymbopogon citrates) is used to repel insects and internally as a sedative.
4 – 6 grams a day.
The plant is supposed to repel serpents.

Lettuce, Common (Lactuca sativa) oil is considered the world’s strongest aphrodisiacs.

Lettuce, Tall White (Prenanthes altissima) is questionably toxic.
The scent of the flower is supposed to remove grief.

Lettuce, Wild (Lactuca virosa) is a mild sedative and narcotic. The milk it produces is used for itching and acne.
Powder: 10 – 20 grains; fluid extract: ¼ - 1 dram once a day.

Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra, Glycyrrhiza uralensis) is a sedative and an expectorant, but is most commonly used for its antiviral properties. It can become toxic, however, so use is restricted to one week.
1 ounce root drunk as tea once a day over a seven day period.
Sprinkle in the footprint of your lover to keep them faithful; this is a binding plant to control others. It is used in Hoodoo to keep bill collectors away.

Lilac (Syringa vulgaris) is used to kill worms and to support the spinal column.
Fluid extract: ¼ - ½ dram a day.
The smell of the blooms help people learn.
The petals keep away ghosts.

Lily of the Valley, False (Maianthemum canadense) is used to treat coughing and sore thoughts.
½ - 1 dram boiled in water, gargle.
The root is used in magick to enhance the chances of winning games.

Lily of the Valley, True (Convallaria magalis), also called May Lily, Jacob's Ladder and Male Lily, is a heart stimulant preferred over Foxglove. The roots are used to treat burns and to prevent scarring, though the plant can be toxic.
½ ounce herb to 1 pint boiling water, 1 glassful a day.
These flowers are carried to make others assume you are innocent of crimes.

Lily, Madonna (Lilium candidum) also called White Lily; the bulb is said to relieve burns and scalds and it is used on cuts to assure no scars are left.
Fluid extract: 3 tablespoonful a day.
The flower breaks love spells.

Lily, Shasta (Lilium washingtonianum) helps with nerve and neurological damage.
1 gram a day.

Lily, Spider (Crinum erubescens) is questionably toxic.
The scent is supposed to make people more socially involved.

Lily, Tiger (Lilium tigrinum) is sometimes used to relieve morning sickness.
Fluid extract: 1/8 – 5 drops a day.
The scent is calming.
If the plant is grown outside of the home it will guard against thieves and ghosts. It is also used to solve crimes.

Lily, Water (Nymphaea odorata) is an astringent and the roots are used for swelling.
Powered root: ½ dram once a day; an old remedy for removing freckles calls for this plant mixed with vinegar to be spread of the area.
The blue flowers are soaked in wine then drank to produce a hallucinogenic effect.

Lily, Wood (Lilium umbellatum) is applied to treat spider bites.
4 drops on the area, 4 times a day.

Lippia (Lippia dulcis) is an expectorant and a cough suppressant.
Up to 4 ½ grains a day.
The scent banishes depression.

Liverwort, American (Anemone hepatica), also called Hepatica, Liverweed and Trefoil, is used for the liver, may relieve coughing, and is applied to sunburns or freckles.
30 – 120 grains a day, fluid extract: ½ - 1 dram a day.

Liverwort, English (Peltigera Canina) is used for liver problems and is a slight purgative.
1 ounce to 1 pint of water, boil and take up to 4 ounces daily; fluid extract: ½ - 1 dram.

Lizard's Tail (Saururus cernuus), also called Water Dragon and Breastweed, is a wash for rheumatism and sore breasts, and is taken for stomach aliments; it is a sedative.
Fluid extract: ½ - 1 dram a day.
The “tails” are usually added to philters in black magick.

Lobelia (Lobelia inflate) is an expectorant, relieves spasms, calms the nerves, and is a mild purgative.
½ ounce drunk as tea once a day.
This herb is used for protection from storms, but is most often used to stop gossip, as it is called Gag Root.

Locoweed (Oxytropis lambertii) drives people into hysteria and may lead to insanity.
Fluid extract: ½ - 2 dram a day.

Longan (Euphoria longan) is used for longevity, liver health and is said to be a cellular builder.
1 ounce herb; 10 – 40 drops a day.

Loosestrife, Purple (Lythrurn salicaria), also called Purple Willow Herb, Spiked Loosestrife, Flowering Sally and Blooming Sally, is preferred over Eyebright to help with eye conditions.
1 dram up to 3 times a day.
This plant is used for reconciliation.

Loosestrife, Yellow (Lysimachia vulgaris), also called Yellow Willow and Willow Wort, is also used for eyesight problems, but also restrains hemorrhaging.
Fluid extract: ½ - 1 dram a day.
This plant promotes harmony.

Lopseed (Phryma leptostachya) is applied to treat scabies and ringworms.
½ ounce boiled in lard, apply externally.

Lotus, Blue (nymphaea caerulea) is questionably toxic.
The scent of this particular Lotus is considered the most powerful aphrodisiac.

Lotus, Common (Nelumbo Nucifera) is questionably toxic.
The pod from the flower is considered invaluable against love spells.

Lungwort (Sticta pulmonaria), also called Jerusalem Cowslip, Oak Lungs and Lung Moss, is used to reduce inflammation and decrease the flow of menstruation.
Fluid extract: ½ - 1 dram a day.

Lupine (Lupinus albus) is a diuretic and sometimes applied to open sores.
Fluid extract: ½ - 1 dram applied externally.
The plant is supposed to protect against wolves.
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(Date Posted:02/13/2009 00:11 AM)

Licorice: (Liquorice) (Glycyrrhiza glabra)- What is it?
Licorice is a botanical, a shrub native to southern Europe and Asia, the roots of which have two primary desirable qualities: first, some varieties of licorice root are fifty times sweeter than sugar and may be chewed or eaten as a sweet and making it a useful component of candies and flavorings; second, licorice has been for thousands of years sought after for its reputed medicinal qualities. Licorice grows wild in southern central Europe and Asia. It is used for its roots and its rhizomes (underground stems). Glycyrrhizic acid is extracted from the root and used as a flavoring in food, tobacco, alcohol, and cosmetics.

Does all licorice taste the same?
No, indeed not.  There are over a dozen varieties of licorice, the roots vary in degrees of sweetness to a sharp almost peppery flavor.  If you don't like one, try another! But there is much more... click on Food button on the left

What are these beneficial medicinal qualities claimed for licorice?
It has proven useful in the treatment of coughs, where it serves a mild expectorant, and of sore throats, where its soothing properties bring relief.  Licorice increases the production of protective mucus in the stomach, and may reduce the acid secretion, making it a useful treatment of inflammatory stomach conditions. But there is much more... click on Health button on the left

Common Uses?
In the confectionery industry, water extracts of licorice roots are mixed with sugar, corn syrup and flour to make many types of licorice candy. In the U.S., however, anethole, a major constituent in the anise plant, is a popular substitute-flavoring agent for licorice. Licorice is also commonly used as a sweetening/flavoring agent to counteract the unpleasant taste of many drugs or added as filler in capsules. In the United Kingdom liquorice (syn. licorice) is used as an emulsifier to create foam in drinks and alcoholic beverages. Licorice root can be chewed or made into tea. It is frequently found in cough preparations and candies, often combined with anise seed. Consumption of licorice is believed to aid in healing stomach ulcers. Tea made from licorice and other anti-spasmodic herbs is often taken for menstrual cramps.

Health Aspects

Licorice Root has been used as a laxative; to adjust blood sugar, reduce pain from ulcer and arthritis. Do not use if you have hypertension, hypokalemia edema, cirrhosis of the liver, cholestatic liver disorder, and diabetes. We did get a message that chewing liquorice root has been most helpful in giving up smoking as it gives the hands something to do and has the shape/texture of a cigarette. Also it tastes like tobacco (because cigarettes are flavored with licorice).

Used for generations in China, ancient Greece and the British Isles, Licorice is cultivated around the world. The sweet taste of its yellow root prompted its use in the manufacture of candies. It contains vitamin E, B-complex, biotin, niacin, pantothenic acid, lecithin, manganese and other trace elements.  Although Licorice has been used as a flavoring for hundreds of years, many people don't know that it also has very beneficial medicinal qualities. Licorice root has gained a reputation for strengthening the body during times of stress. Since the 14th century, Licorice has been used to soothe coughs, colds and bronchitis. It can be made into a licorice extract, concentrate or infusion, It is still used for these reasons today and it is one of the ingredients found in many European cough preparations.  Research has shown that Licorice helps treat and relieve the pains that accompany certain types of ulcers. Although common practice in Europe, its use in treating ulcers is not as prevalent in North America. However, with more and more researchers gaining positive results with its use as an ulcer treatment, Licorice may soon become more popular in North America. Finally, Licorice also has anti-inflammatory properties and may therefore help relieve the discomforts that accompany arthritic conditions.


The licorice plant is a perennial schrub native to the
Mediterranean regions, central to southern Russia, Middle East,
southeast Asia. Licorice is one of the most widely used medicinal
herbs across the world, and broadly used especially in almost all
Chinese herbal formulas. Licorice of commerce and medicine mainly
consists of the sweet roots from three species officially
recognized by Chinese pharmacopoeia: Glycyrrhiza glabra, G.
inflata, or G. uralensis.

Licorice was collected from wild before the cultivation started.
The first written record of such cultivation dates back to around
13th century. Licorice is cultivated for 3-4 years before the
roots are harvested. The genus name of licorice "Glycyrrhiza" was
given by Dioscorides, the first century physician, by putting
"glukos" (meaing sweet) and "riza" (root) together. The root and
stolon of licorice is abundant with glycyrrhizin, which is a
chemical compound fifty times sweeter than sucrose (sugar).


Licorice root has been used as medicinal plant for thousands of
years all across the world. The records of licorice appear in
Assyrian clay tablets (ca. 2,500 B.C.), Egyptian papyruses, as
well as in China and Europe. Ancient Arabians used licorice to
treat coughs, and in Europe, the use of licorice was first learned
by Greeks from the Scythians. In about 3rd century B.C.,
Thoephrastus, a Greek natural scientist, commented on the taste of
different roots including the root of licorice, and the medicinal
efficacy of licorice root on asthma, dry cough, and other pectoral
diseases. Licorice is mentioned in Chinese Materia Medica
purportedly deveoped by Sheng Nung (about 2,700 B.C.) and
organized and written by an anonymous writer around 100 B.C. Many
of the earlier therapeutic applications of licorice are still
being practiced in modern time.


German Commission E approved the internal use of licorice root for
catarrh of the upper respiratory tract and gastric or
duodenalulcers. Licorice is a herbal remedy particularly well
known for treating coughs, consumption, and chest complaints in
general, notably bronchitis. Licorice is a general ingredient for
almost all herbal formulas with soothing properties. Anti-
inflammatory, expectorant, demulcent, and adrenocorticotropic
actions of licoris have been reported in the British Herbal
Compendium. Currently, licorice extract has replaced the powder
almost completely.


About 5-15 grams of cut or powdered licorice root per day, or dry
extracts equivalent to 200-600 mg of glycyrrhizin is recommended.

Side effects: Prolonged, high-dose use may result in hypertension
and edema (due to sodium retention and potassium loss), which will
reverse a few weeks after the discontinuation. Not recommended
during pregnancy.
Lemons for Health and Beauty
Adapted from Aromatherapy for Everyone, by P.J. Pierson and Mary Shipley (Vital Health Publishing, 2004).

Simple Solution
Lemon oil is an amazingly versatile ally for healing and beauty--used in hospitals to calm frightened or depressed patients and boosting the immune system by stimulating the production of white and red blood cells. It increases concentration (many Japanese banks use it to reduce worker error) and neutralizes unpleasant odors. And that’s just the beginning.

Find out how lemon oil may be used to improve your mood, soften scar tissue, strengthen fingernails, reduce oiliness in skin and hair, alleviate joint pain, and much, much more, here:

Please use only pure lemon essential oil, available online or at your local natural foods store, for the following:

To freshen air and reduce unpleasant odors: place 2-3 drops in a diffuser.

For joint pain: Add 2-3 drops to 1 ounce of carrier oil and massage on affected area. Or add 8-10 drops to a bath.

To boost the immune system: Use 2-3 drops in a diffuser or steam inhalation as a tonic after an illness. Continue use for 2-3 days.

For corns or warts, apply full-strength directly to the affected area with a cotton swab. Be careful to avoid applying to surrounding area.

To alleviate emotional distress, confusion, fatigue, PMS, and stress, use 2-3 drops in a diffuser, or 8-10 drops in a bath.

To toughen fingernails, mix 2-3 drops in 1 ounce of almond oil and massage into cuticles and fingernails regularly.

For oily hair, mix 2-3 drops with unscented shampoo.

For oily skin, mix 2-3 drops of oil in 1 ounce of water. Mix well, place on cotton ball, and apply to skin as a toner.

To soften scar tissue, mix 2-3 drops in 1 ounce of carrier oil and massage onto scar regularly.Helpful Hints
If you are pregnant, nursing, or have a serious medical condition, please consult your health-care provider before using this or any essential oil. Sensitive people may experience skin irritation. Avoid direct sunlight after use in case of photosensitivity



Type: Oil
Elements:  Water
Part Used:  Essential Oil, Fresh Zest
Powers:  Health, Healing, Physical Energy, Purification

Inhale the fresh scent of the oil or zest to maintain health and  to assist traditional medical treatment.   Visualize the energies strengthening your body, fighting off infection or healing a wound.  

This scent also activates the body, getting rid of sluggishness.  If inhaled first thing in the morning - it can be an aromatic substitute to coffee.  

Place a few drops of the oil in a diffuser and feel the energies of your home vibrate with purity.


LILAC: (Syringia vulgaris)
Lilac is a deciduous, twiggy shrub or small tree with a mass of heart-shaped leaves and showy panicles of small, waxy, spring flowers. The perfume is extracted from the flowers and used commercially. The flowers were once used to treat fever. In the language of flowers, Lilac symbolizes the first emotions of love. If inhaled too deeply, however, the strong flower fragrance can cause nausea.

Parts Used:

Magical Uses:
Lilac drives away evil where it is planted or strewn. It was originally planted in New England to keep evil from the property. The fresh flowers can be placed in a haunted house to clear it. Peace; Clairvoyance; Divination; Creativity; Happiness; Harmony; Exorcism; Protection: Psychic Awareness; Reincarnation.

Linden flower (Tilia europa)

AKA Lime tree flower, basswood, Tilden flower

Linden flower is a tree which grows in many places in Europe as well as in the northern parts of the USA.  European folk tradition calls it an herb of protection.  It is accepted by the scientific community as a remedy for coughs and bronchitis. It may also lower fevers and ease sore throats.

This gentle herb is a very pleasant tasting tea which can be used safely on children and those with high blood pressure.  It has no known side effects or negative reactions with any prescription medications.

Linden can be used as a sleep aid for those who suffer from chronic anxiety or occasional panic attacks.  It contains the chemical farnesol which is known to be a muscle relaxant and antispasmodic.  This makes it helpful for migraine headaches as well.

Linden (Tilia cordata/Tilia platyphyllos), an herb derived from various species of Tilia, or lime trees, has been used in European folk medicine for centuries to treat a wide range of health conditions. Today, the relaxing action of linden makes it a popular remedy for treating headaches, indigestion, nervous tension, and diarrhea. Lime trees are also valued for their wood and charcoal, and for the flavorful honey made from their flowers.

Plant Description
The Tilia species, also known as basswood, grow in temperate climates in the north. They are deciduous trees (leaves shed seasonally) that can grow to a height of 90 feet and may live up to 1,000 years. Herbal linden flower formulas typically call for either the Tilia cordata, the small-leafed European linden also known as the winter linden, or Tilia platyphyllos, the large-leafed, early-blooming summer linden. Both species are frequently planted as ornamental trees along city streets. Depending on the species, their fragrance ranges from potent and sweet to quite rich. The dried flowers are mildly sweet and sticky, and the fruit is somewhat sweet, slimy, and dry. Linden tea has a pleasing taste, due in part to the aromatic volatile oil found in the flowers.

Parts Used
The following parts of the Tilia are used in linden herbal preparations:
Fresh and dried flowers
Dried leaves

Medicinal Uses and Indications
Different parts of the Tilia are used in treating specific conditions and symptoms.
Flowers: colds, cough, bronchitis, infectious diseases, and headache (particularly migraine), and as a diuretic (increases urine production), antispasmodic (reduces spasm), and sedative
Leaves: internal use—intestinal complaints; external use—ulcers in the leg
Wood: liver and gallbladder disorders, cellulitis (inflammation of the body's connective tissue)

Available Forms
Flower preparations, including teas
Fluid extract

How to Take It
Adjust the recommended adult dose to account for the child's weight. Most herbal dosages for adults are calculated on the basis of a 150 lb (70 kg) adult. Therefore, if the child weighs 50 lb (20 to 25 kg), the appropriate dose of linden for this child would be 1/3 of the adult dosage.
The following are recommended adult doses:
Tea (infusion): 1 to 2 tsp flowers in 8 oz of water. Steep covered for 20 minutes. Drink three cups of hot tea per day.
Fluid extract (1:1 in 25% ethanol), 3 to 4 mL per day taken in three doses
Tincture (1:5 in 30% ethanol) 4 to 10 mL per day taken in three doses

Excessive use of linden flower tea may cause cardiac complications, so people who have heart problems should avoid this plant.

Possible Interactions
No noteworthy interactions (positive or negative) between linden and conventional medications are known to have been reported in the literature to date.

Supporting Research
Benigni R, Capra C, Cattorini P. Piante Medicinali - Chimica. Farmacologia e Terapia. Vol. 1,1962; Vol 2.1964; 2:1606-1614.
Bézanger-Beauquesne L, Pinkas M, Torck M, Trotin F. Plantes Médicinales des Régions Tempérées. Paris: Maloine S.A.; 1980.
Bradley P, ed. British Herbal Compendium. Vol. I. Dorset (Great Britain): British Herbal Medicine Association; 1992: 142-144.
Blumenthal M, ed. The Complete German Commission E Monographs. Therapeutic Guide to Herbal Medicines. Boston: Integrative Medicine Communications; 1998: 163, 343.
Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary. 25th ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders; 1974.
Glasl H, Becker U. Flavonol-O-Glykoside: Photometrische Gehaltsbestimmung. Disch Apoth Ztg. 1984; 124:2147-2152.
Grieve M. A Modern Herbal. Vol. II. New York: Dover; 1971: 485-486.
Gruenwald J, Brendler T, Christof J. PDR for Herbal Medicines. Montvale, NJ: Medical Economics Company; 1998: 1185-1187.
Hildebrandt G, Engelbrecht P, Hildebrandt-Evers G. Physiologische Grundlagen fur eine tageszeitliche Ordnung der Schwitzprozeduren. A Klin Med. 1954; 152:446-468.
Kanschar H, Lander C. Welche Aussagerkraft besitzt die Quellungszahl (QZ) als Wertbestimmungs-methode bei Tilliae flos DABS? Pharm Ztg. 1984; 129:370-373.
Schmersahl KJ. Uber die Wirkstoffe der diaphoretischen Drogen des DAB 6. Naturwissenschaften. 1964; 51:361.
Schulz V, Hansel R, Tyler V. Rational Phytotherapy: A Physician's Guide to Herbal Medicine. 3rd ed. Berlin: Springer; 1998.
Thomson WA. Medicines from the Earth: A Guide to Healing Plants. Alfred Van Der Marck ed. Maidenhead, England: McGraw-Hill Book company (UK); 1978:105.
Tyler V. The Honest Herbal: A Sensible Guide to the Use of Herbs and Related Remedies. 3rd ed. New York: Pharmaceutical Products Press; 1993: 203-204.
White L, Mavor S. Kids, Herbs, Health. Loveland, Colo: Interweave Press; 1998.

Copyright © 2001 Integrative Medicine Communications
Wildcrafted Linden Flowers Tea

Linden flowers, native to Europe, are a pretty yellow flower and an ancient healer. Linden tea was known in ancient times as the "Royal Nectar" for its natural sweetness and healing qualities.

Our linden flowers are "wildcrafted" or gathered from their native habitat. This ensures the most potent and purest botanical, which is confirmed by its essential oil content. The linden flowers are collected in the summer months from trees that have heart shaped leaves and clusters of pale yellow flowers. These trees can grow to 100 feet tall. The flower and bract are collected in the forests of the northern Lori region of Armenia, near the Georgian border.

The methods of collection and blending have been passed down since ancient times. All of the processing is done by hand by the village people and supervised by an ethnobotanist. The community’s knowledge and passion for this product adds to its special allure.

Linden flower tea is chosen as an integral part of a healthy diet in many countries. It is known to improve circulation, relieve tension, and aid digestion. Linden flower tea is also used to treat high blood pressure and insomnia.

Our Wildcrafted Linden Flowers tea was chosen for its quality, health benefits and flavor. This tea is delicate with a soft aroma and golden color in the cup. It is good after a meal as it helps digestion, or relaxing just before bedtime.

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