tea refers to tea that has undergone minimal oxidation. Green tea is a
popular tea in China and Japan, and has also gained international
prominence in recent years.
Generally green tea has a fresh,
light taste. Some varieties have a taste reminiscent of grass. Green
tea rarely brews as green - rather, the name refers to the color of its
leaves, which are green. Green tea usually has a yellow appearance when
brewed. The tea may have a yellow-greenish appearance when water is
Green tea is processed by drying, then are usually steamed to stop the oxidation process and to preserve its freshness.
Varieties of green tea
There are many varieties of green tea, separated by country of origin. Most green tea either originates from China or Japan.
Amongst the Chinese green tea varieties are:
Chun Mee, a green tea from the Zhejiang province. It has a dusty appearance and an acidic taste.
Gunpowder Tea, a green tea that is known for its pellet-like appearance and mint-like taste.
Longjing, a gentle and sweet-tasting green tea that is pan-fried to stop the fermentation process.
Amongst the Japanese green tea varieties are:
Gyokuro, a green tea known for its sweet and delicate flavor, and is known as the highest grade of tea made in Japan.
Matcha, a green tea that is used primarily in the traditional tea
ceremony. Matcha tea leaves have had all stems and veins removed before
being grounded by a fine powder. The tea bushes are also shaded away
from sunlight for three weeks before harvesting, sweetening the taste
of the tea.
Health benefits of green tea
can be helpful in the prevention of cancer, as it contains an
antioxidant called polyphenols - or tannin - which is known to prevent
damage to cells. Damage to body cells is an early sign of cancer.
Tannin is known for its ability to help DNA cells reproduce accurately,
thus preventing abnormalities from forming.
In particular, green tea has been shown to be beneficial for these types of cancer:
Medulloblastoma, a type of brain tumor. Green tea was shown to inhibit its growth.
Prostrate and breast cancers in mice, and also induce regression of these cancers.
Green tea may also prevent or inhibit autoimmune diseases such as lupus and HIV/AIDS.
tea may help decrease cholesterol level in blood, may help prevent the
build-up of cholesterol which causes blood vessels to narrow. This can
therefore protect the drinker from high blood pressure and heart
Information on specific green tea varieties
following pages contained detailed information on specific varieties of
green tea, including health benefits and preparation methods.
* Gunpowder Tea (Pearl Tea)
With a unique rolled, pellet-like appearance, learn all about Gunpowder
Tea, including its taste, preparation and health benefits.
* Hyson Tea (Lucky Dragon Tea)
Usually made from young leaves with a long, twisted appearance, learn
about the taste and preparation of Hyson Tea and some of its finer
A powdered green tea used in the
Japanese tea ceremony and also as a green food dye, learn about the
history, processing and serving of Matcha.
* White Tea
Contrary to popular belief, white tea is NOT when milk is added to tea!
Read about this not-so-common type of unfermented tea that has many
great health benefits.
Grow your own green tea!
you know that you can grow your own green tea plants at home? The
website supplies camellia sinensis tea plants and provides information
and instructions for harvesting, drying and brewing you own green tea,
fresh from the plant!
Gunpowder Tea (Pearl Tea)
its explosive-sounding name, gunpowder tea is not actually made of
gunpowder! The tea is so named because its rolled, pellet-like
appearance is similar to gunpowder. It is one of the best known
varieties of Chinese green tea. Gunpowder tea is rolled to preserve the
freshness of the leaves.
Gunpowder tea may also be referred to as pearl tea.
Properties of gunpowder tea
tea is a green tea with a thick, strong taste that has been described
as being like soft honey. There is usually a smoke-like flavor to the
tea and a slight copper aftertaste. Most forms of gunpowder tea have a
taste reminiscent of grass, although some forms may have a minty or
When brewed, gunpowder tea has a yellow appearance.
Origin and production of gunpowder tea
Gunpowder tea originates from China, mostly Pingshui in the Zheijing Province.
create its distinctive appearance, the leaves are withered, then
steamed and rolled into small pellets. The pellets are rolled tightly
but carefully, to prevent breaking the veins in the leaves. The pellets
are then dried.
Most gunpowder tea pellets are now rolled by
machine, but the highest grades are still hand-rolled. A good general
rule is - the larger the pellets, the lower the quality of the tea.
High-grade gunpowder tea will feature very small, tightly-rolled
Preparation of gunpowder tea
gunpowder tea should be drunk from glass or porcelain tea-ware. Both
the tea cup and the teapot should be rinsed with hot water beforehand.
As gunpowder tea pellets will expand when in contact with water, care
should be taken with the number of pellets used. Normally, one to two
teaspoons of gunpowder tea should be used per 150ml of hot water.
best water temperature to use is between 70Ã‚Â°c (158Ã‚Â°F) to 80Ã‚Â°c
(176Ã‚Â°F). For the first and second brewing, the leaves should be
steeped for one minute. The time should be gradually extended with
Gunpowder tea can be drunk straight from the
tea leaves. Milk should not be added to gunpowder tea. There are,
however, other ways of drinking the tea as well.
tea is a variant of gunpowder tea, and is made from a mixture of
gunpowder tea, sugar and mint. The sugar and mint are added after
brewing to create a refreshing, light taste.
Gunpowder tea is recommended as a compliment to strong-tasting food.
Health benefits of gunpowder tea
tea has mild astringent qualities - that is, it is able to draw
together or constrict tissues. This makes Gunpowder Tea useful for
ailments such as digestive problems and indigestion.