Runic DivinationThence come maidens who know much,
Three from that hall beneath the tree:
One was named Origin, the second Becoming.
These two fashioned the third, named Debt.
They established law,
They selected lives
For the children of ages,
And the fates of men.
Learning to ReadThe
first step in learning to read the runes must be to get to know the
runes themselves. This doesn't necessarily mean memorizing
interpretations out of a book, although the literal meanings of the
rune names should be memorized as a starting point. Instead, take one
rune each day, starting with fehu and ending with oþila, and meditate
on it. There are several exercises you can do daily to aid in this:
word association with the rune names, visualization, physical
connection with the rune, etc.
keep a record of your rune readings in a journal. Although it's not
quite as easy to draw a nine rune cast as it is to record a tarot
spread, do try and make the effort. Record which runes landed face up
and face down, what you think each one meant in the context of the
reading, and what your general impressions were. Even if a reading
makes no sense to you when you do it, its meaning might become clearer
later on, and this will encourage you to pay closer attention to your
instincts (even if you are sure you're wrong!).
Some Methods of Runic Divination As
there are no reliable historical descriptions of runic divination,
virtually any method one chooses can be considered valid. However,
certain characteristics of the runes make them better suited to some
methods than others. For example, most runes are carved onto small bits
of wood, clay or stone. These are better designed to be picked up and
scattered, rather than being laid out in a specific pattern like the
Tarot. This is verified by descriptions of runic divination in Norse
literature, all of which refer to them being 'thrown', 'cast' or
'scattered'. Now, I used to recommend using Tarot-type patterns as a
transitional method for those who are most comfortable with the Tarot,
but I have come to the conclusion that it really isn't necessary. The
best way to learn how to swim is to just jump right in!
books give upright and reversed meanings for the runes (like Tarot
cards). This is obviously impractical if one is casting the runes,
since many will land sideways or at odd angles. Also, one would think
that if this had been the intention of the original creators of the
fuþark, they wouldn't have designed so many runes to look the same
upright as inverted. In addition to these practical considerations,
there is also the fact that the Norse don't appear to have seen their
world in such black and white terms. Polarizing the meanings of the
runes in this way, even if those opposites aren't phrased in terms of
'positive' and 'negative', tends to limit the range of possible
interpretations and ignores the complex and subtle relationships
between the different runes in a cast.
important thing, however, is that you feel comfortable with the method
you choose. If you feel the need for a more structured reading than a
simple cast provides, devise a pattern for your casting cloth that has
some meaning for you to give the reading a more tangible context. If
you find nine or twelve runes to be a bit overwhelming, use three or
four. If you want to just grab a handful and cast them, go right ahead.
The runes themselves should tell you how they want to be read.
Different sizes, shapes and materials lend themselves to different
methods, and through meditation and experimentation you should be able
to choose a technique that best suits both the runes' 'personality' and
your own. Just make sure your method is consistant.
Most people eventually end up devising their own method of reading, but here are a few to get you started in the meantime:
- 1. The One-Rune Quicky.
you might imagine, this method is designed to provide a quick, concise
answer to a specific question. It can also be used daily as a subject
for meditation, or as a general overview of the day before you go to
bed. Think of a specific question.
Pull a rune out of the pouch
and look at it. The answer may be an obvious yes or no, or the rune
might provide a more conditional response. If the rune you picked seems
to make no sense at all as a response to your question, ask another
question or try again later.
- 2. The Norns (or, The Three-Rune Quicky).
method is helpful in getting an overall fix on a given situation, and
providing some idea about a future outcome. How much information you
get out of it will depend on how much time you spend analyzing the
reading and how well you understand the runes.
Pull one rune and
lay it down face up. This rune represents the first Norn - those events
in the past which affect the current situation. Pull another rune and
lay it next to the first. This is the second Norn - the present
situation, which frequently refers to a choice that needs to be made.
Pull a third and lay it down. This is the third Norn, and the most
difficult rune to interpret. In some cases it might represent the
person's inevitable fate. In others, it might simply be the end result
if the current situation remains unchanged, or even just one of several
results. You must rely on your instincts to decide which is the case.
- 3. The Roman Method.
is the method described by Tacitus in 'Germania'. The method itself is
really another variation of the Three-Rune Quickie, with a few ritual
details to lend it authenticity. If you really want to do it right, go
out and find a fruit-bearing tree and use the wood to carve your runes
fresh each time.
Lay out a white cloth on the floor. Take all of
the runes in your hands and scatter them. Invoking the aid of Odin, and
without looking at the runes, pick three at random. You may look at
them as a group, without considering them in any particular order, or
you can pick them one at a time, using the 'Norns' method described
above to interpret them.
- 4. The Nine-Rune Cast.
method will give a detailed overview of a person's situation, providing
insight into where they are in terms of their spiritual path, and
clarifying the options and possible outcomes available to them. Nine is
a somewhat arbitrary number - you may use any number that feels
comfortable to you. I have chosen nine because a) three and its
multiples were magically significant numbers to the Norse, and b) it is
a large enough number to provide a detailed reading, but not so large
that it over-complicates things. It is also easy for most people to
hold nine runes in their hands.
Pick nine runes from the pouch.
Hold them between your hands for a moment, and focus on your question
(if you have one). Then scatter the runes on the table, floor, or cloth
if you have one. Read the runes which land face up first. These will
relate to the current situation and the circumstances which led to it.
How the runes are read is largely subjective, but in general, runes
lying in the centre are the most immediately relevant, while those
lying around the edges are less important, or represent more general
influences. Runes that are close together or even touching often
compliment each other, or may even represent a single thing, while
runes which fall on opposite sides of the pattern frequently represent
opposing influences. Occasionally, a rune will land completely off the
cloth or fall off the table. Some people consider such runes to be
particularly significant, while others ignore them completely.
you have looked at the runes which landed face up (and remembered which
ones they are), turn over the rest of the runes without moving them
from their positions. These represent outside or future influences, and
will point to possible outcomes. It is up to you to decide what the
various positions and patterns in a reading mean, but once you have
come up with a few general rules, try to stick with them. As I have
said before, consistency is very important. However, rune readings by
their nature are very fluid, subjective things. Try not to impose too
much order on your readings by inventing set meanings for every
triangle, square and tetrahedron. Runes are like people - you never
know how they will get along together until you introduce them. Just
look at the patterns and relationships that appear in each reading and
see what interpretations make sense to you.
Once the reading is
done, I usually like to pull one more rune out of the pouch. This helps
to confirm (or sometimes dispute) the conclusions drawn from the
reading, and may provide a focus or centre to an otherwise scattered
and complicated cast.
Click here to see a
to interpret this particular cast (the lighter runes landed face down).
The reading was done in a work context. The question was, "What will be
the effect on my job of a change of ownership of the business I work
for?" When you are done, compare your results to my interpretation. Remember, there is no right or wrong interpretation of a reading, especially in a disconnected situation like this.