Blessed be the Goddess of the Hearth Flame
Frigga, Constant One,
Goddess of fireside and home.
Teach me the lessons of commitment and contentment,
service and celebration.
Warm me within and without.
I light this candle
in fiery offering to you,
Frigga, Goddess of Home.
is the patron goddess of the home and of the mysteries of the married
woman. She is seen as Odin's match (and sometimes his better) in
wisdom; she shares his high-seat, from which they look out over the
She is called on for blessings when women are
giving birth and for help in matters of traditional women's crafts
(spinning, weaving, cooking, sewing) and the magics worked thereby..
Frigga can also be called on by mothers who want to protect their
children. She is also called Hlin (protectress).
the mother of Balder, and is often thought of as still mourning for
him. She is a seeress, who knows all fates, though she seldom speaks of
them. Her hall is called Fensalir - "marsh-halls".
She also is our link to the ancestors.
Old Norse Frigga, Anglo-Saxon Frige, Old High German Frija, Wagnerian Fricka.
Earth of Earth
The green ray
|Traits & Attributes:|
Ruler of the 4th house
Goddess of childbearing and fertility
Rules the Chakras in the hand
Her Hall is Fensalir 'marsh hall located in the low hills and surrounded by lakes
She weaved the clouds.
|The Six Fold Goal |
Right, Wisdom, Might, Harvest,
Mother Night -December 20
|Healing Techniques: |
the 12 handmaidens
snow, fog and thunder
The ability to feel clearly. The ability to sense messages or
information. This is typically the first form of psychic ability to be
foremost of the Norse Goddesses and wife of Odin, has been much ignored
in the revival of Norse heathenism. Magic and runes are very much the
flavor of the century and non-magically orientated deities are being
left by the wayside. In a magical context Frigga falls into shadow
besides the sorceress goddess Freyja whose role as the fount of all
magical knowledge attracts rune enthusiasts like iron filings to a
In the older myths Frigga is the divine noble woman
and housewife. The minor goddesses serve her and run her errands. She
is the embodiment of womanhood and she is fiercely equal in authority
to her husband. In no less than three of the myths she pits her cunning
against Odin, and on each occasion she gets her way.
credited with the ability to see the fate of all mankind, but in her
wisdom she is also silent, preventing others from meddling. She seems
to act on this knowledge because she sends out the goddess Hlin to
protect her followers. One of her names is Saga (the 'sayer')
suggesting the role of a seeress, a talent apparently shared by Thor's
wife Sif. Saga's name was recorded in the late mediaeval period as an
separate goddess, but her attributes make it clear that Frigga and Saga
Frigga's natural ability to see the future is a
very marked contrast to Odin's ceaseless attempts to uncover the future
for himself by self sacrifice and questioning giants and wise spirits.
Here the traditional roles of the sexes in Nordic religion becomes
clear. Men wield physical power, while women take naturally to magical
skills and are closer to the divine.
Role swapping between the
sexes is unusual and not without cost. Warrior women become
'unfeminine' and normally impossible to live with. Male sorcerers take
on effeminate traits and by the late Viking Age male magic was
considered a perversion. Even Odin is accused of effeminate behavior in
some of the myths. The goddesses represent this ancient and protected
Freyja, being of the Vanir household is
concerned with magic rather than fate. She recites charms and brews
potions to mould the future to her own desires. Frigga following Aesir
tradition has the more straightforward knowledge of the future. She
advises her followers to prevent disaster befalling them.
is also the heavenly spinner. The star constellation Orion is named
'Friggajar Rockr', 'Frigga's distaff', in her honor. In this role
Frigga is again linked to fate as spinning is employed by the Norns to
dispense destiny to mankind. The spindle is a powerful symbol
representing female wisdom, virtue and industry. Viking age housewives
spun and wove cloth which was often the major source of income for
their families, emphasizing the power of women in pagan tradition. In
the hands of Frigga and the Norns, the spindle becomes a powerful
weapon of magic.
As a goddess of women, Frigga is also patron
of marriage and child birth. Very much the ideal housewife, she comes
across as a keeper of peace and an upholder of moral codes. The details
of Frigga's worship have been lost in the din of battles and family
feuding. She is mentioned occasionally in the sagas in marriage toasts
and in prayers from barren wives but that is about it. To fill in the
rest of Frigga's cult we must turn to the records of German folklore,
where the housewife's patron has survived as Frau Holda.
strength of Frigga's cult in ancient Germany is attested by the tale of
Frikka and the Lombards. Frikka and Wotan were supporting opposite
sides in a battle, but only Wotan, as god of war, could grant them
victory. Frikka tricked her husband by turning his bed and telling the
Lombard womenfolk to come to Wotan's beside at dawn with their hair
drawn over their faces. When Wotan awoke he exclaimed 'Who are these
Long Beards?', thus renaming the tribe and granting them his
protection. The goddess's insight has served her again. No magic is
required, she simply has to exercise her powers as house keeper and
move her husband's bed to change the course of history!
goddesses of German folklore Holda, Percht and Berchte are very similar
to Frigga. They are especially concerned with spinning and domestic
order. It is possible that their names were cult names for Frigga which
were substituted during the conversion to avoid persecution.
existence of Holda's counterpart Freke adds weight to this argument.
Holda appears as a noble woman or a witch wife and has many roles. Her
duties as provider of fertility are particularly evident, she wakens
fruit trees in spring, grants fertility to women and protects the
spirits of unborn children. Any child that dies unchristened returns to
her care. Holda also controls the weather, snow is produced when she
shakes her bed, fog is the smoke from her fire and thunder is heard
when she works her flax.
Even as a sky goddess Holda retains
the role of the housewife. Most of the lore concerning the goddess
shows her interest in womens' work. She travels around peering in
windows, rewarding the hardworking and punishing the idle. She teaches
the skills of flax growing to men and cloth making to women. She draws
maidens to her hidden land to test their housekeeping skills. Holda is
highly protective of sacred holy days and punished woman who span
during the twelve days of Christmas (the time of Holda's greatest
influence) and on Sundays.
Holda's power over fertility is
almost certainly shared by Frigga, but has been poorly recorded. The
early German tribes worshipped the Earth goddess. This role has been
adapted to produce Frigga, goddess of motherhood and female wisdom and
Freyja, goddess of human love and magic, both a far cry from a
fertility goddess. The old Teutonic Earth goddess survives in the Norse
Eddas as Jord (Earth). She is titled as the first wife of Odin,
Frigga's rival and the mother of Thor.
It is interesting that
Frigga is shown as displacing the old Earth goddess and they may have
very strong connections. Spinning is not only a means to provide wealth
and work magic, it is a creative power. The fertility of a woman
producing children, and her exclusive role in the production of cloth
was compared across Europe. The fates of Classical, Teutonic and Baltic
mythology all spin to produce life, thus life and fate are in the hands
of women. Frigga's control over nature is clearly shown when she asks
all of creation to swear not to harm Balder.
context of the tale may be relatively recent Frigga's authority over
the Earth is very evident and is probably from an older source. The
Eddas refer to both Frigga and Saga living in low lying halls
surrounded by lakes. Frigga's hall is called Fensalir 'marsh hall' and
here she spends each day with Odin talking and drinking from golden
cups. Frigga's residence is somewhat at odds with her role as queen of
heaven and suggests a more ancient tradition of an Earth Goddess living
by her sacred lake.
Holda is also connected to water. Women
bathe in her sacred pool as a cure for infertility. Spinners punished
by Holda throw bobbins of yarn into streams to appease her. One
wonderful tale recorded by the Brothers Grimm (Frau Holda) recounts the
fate of an unloved daughter who span each day by a well outside her
mother's cottage. She pricked her hand on the spindle and dipped the
spindle into the well to remove the blood. The spindle dropped from her
hand and disappeared from sight. The girl was horrified knowing her
mother would be furious and she jumped into the well to end her
miserable life. At the bottom she found herself in Holda's land where
she was given tests to determine her kindness and skill in
housekeeping. Holda was impressed by the girl's industry and sent her
back covered in gold.
This story also survives in Scandinavia
and such tests could easily have been attributed to Frigga. The magical
journey to meet the goddess is especially interesting. Blood sacrifice,
the spindle as a symbol of the goddess, and the fall into the well
which can only be a metaphor for a ritual induced trance to contact the
Holda is a winter goddess, honored especially over Christmas. This period is also sacred to the female protective
of Scandinavia known as the Disir, who were invoked on the first day of
winter. No mention is made of Frigga holding more power in the winter
time, but her star constellation is only clearly visible during the
Winters in the north are hard and illness and
starvation would have been a continuous worry. The importance of the
minor goddesses as protectors of the household would have been enhanced
by such fears. Trapped indoors by heavy snows with little farm work to
distract them women would have concentrated all their energies on
spinning with Friggjar Rockr shining brightly above them.
Jones believes that the constellation Orion's Girdle represents a
distaff, a long rod to which the fibers were tied to keep them tidy for
spinning. However, the mythological significance of the distaff is
minor compared to the spindle with which the spinner creates the
thread. The stars of Orion's Girdle are too closely spaced to imply a
long staff. If the nearby stars Rigel and Betelgeuse are included, the
constellation resembles a spindle, with a whorl formed along Orion's
Girdle, and its upright shaft between the other two stars. This
produces a constellation of a very respectable size, equal in height to
There has been a lot of confusion between the roles of
Frigga and Freyja. They are often merged in over zealous attempts to
tidy up the myths. This attitude is very wrong for the Viking period as
there are several references to the goddesses being worshipped side by
The divine households, the Aesir and Vanir, reflect very
different views on life. The choice between the two goddesses would
have been a matter for personal preference. Myths were shared between
them, which has added to the confusion. Frigga's role of celestial
spinner is borrowed by Freyja. Freyja's cloak of falcon feathers is
borrowed by Frigga. They both have an equal claim on the ancient Earth
Mother myths. This role sharing, so prevalent in the Norse religion,
caused the merging of pagan and Christian ideas during the conversion
period, the death and rebirth of the innocent god Balder, the
apocalyptical monsters of Ragnarok, the terrors of Hel, are all
disturbingly Christian and products of the same merging of beliefs.
conclusion, Frigga is the patron of women. She gives guidance and
knowledge to maidens as they learn the skills required for adult life,
inspiration and protection to mothers and housewives, and peace to the
elderly. As a goddess of fertility she is a patron of farmers. The man
who is taught to grow flax by Holda, is welcomed to her land when he
reaches old age after a long and prosperous life. She protects her
worshipers by bending fate and her spinning represents the life force
home you should regularly give offerings to the hearthgnome to keep the
house reasonably free from vermin and cobwebs and to the barngnome to
care for the livestock. Foodstuffs and drink for its belly and a piece
of leather (so it can mend its worn-out boots) should be enough.
starting a long journey you should offer something to the spirit of the
forest (Treebeard? ;-) not to lead you astray, or to the roadsnake not
to put obstacles in your way. The offerings should be buried for the
spirit to keep.
keep the water of your well fresh, keep the earthwater spirits happy.
The first taste of your wine or beer should do the trick.
keep disease spirits and unwelcome guests away, make sure the effigy of
the steadwarden looks stern enough and stick a piece of iron in its
tongue so it can speak with the power of cold iron.
some bells in a tree to keep the windhag occupied, playing with them
and listening to the sounds they make, so she won't suck the breath out
of your children, cattle, sheep or horses.
pay the toll to the monster under the bridge for safe passage (this
wasn't originally a toll, but a lure to fool the bridgekeeper from