Moon - Sister to Mother Earth, Queen of the night. Ruler of emotional waters and cycles of growth. Diana - Greek
- Although there are many mythologies in which the Sun is female (such
as in Japan, whose most important Goddess is Amaterasu Omikami, the Sun
Goddess), it is generally considered that the sun is a male deity or a
male attribute, in contrast to the Moon, which is almost always viewed
as female. The Greek brother and sister, Apollo and Artemis, show this
pairing of the sun and moon as complimentary opposites.
mythical connections between the sun and the male spirit led to
identification with men and the daylight, and the gods of light and
fire. whereas female powers were viewed as being in the darkness,
night, the womb, water, and the reflective light of the moon. Many
symbols identified with the sun include the lion, gold, and the eagle.
The Roman emperor Constantine had images of the sun on his coins, which
were dedicated to the protective powers of the sun lord.
the sun was always lost in the darkness before he was reborn again each
morning, or, with the return of the sun at the winter solstice. Ra, Sun
God of Egypt, was represented by a winged sun disc; he died each day as
he entered the night/womb, and was born again each morning from her
"eastern gate". The connotation of the sun god as dying and being
reborn is consistent throughout many traditions; hence the importance
of the "Birth of the Light" with the Christ Child at Christmas, which
also occurs at the time of the solstice.
Sol and Luna most frequently symbolize consciousness and the unconscious, respectively.
Sol, the Sun, whose corresponding metal is gold (or sulphur), is the
source of warmth and light (gold was often called "the sun in the
Luna, the Moon, whose corresponding metal is silver (or salt), is dark
and cold (water and spirit are often identical; water also holds
and Luna are equivalent to the Yang (positive, male, assertive) and the
Yin (negative, female, receptive) in Taoist philosophy, whose
reciprocity is the reason for all events of the universe.
and Sol often appear as White Queen and Red King; the symbol of this
relationship is a rose. This relates to their symbolism as the anima,
the female principle within a male personality, and the animus, the
male principle within a female personality, respectively. Jung called
this aspect a "medium between the ego and the unconscious. This is
reminiscent of Rubedo, in which Luna becomes a man, whereas Sol becomes
a woman. According to Jung, both aspects are crucial to their
corresponding Self, and their realization is achieved through
relationships with people of the opposite sex. The alchemical concepts
of Sol and Luna seem to be the unconscious projections of the animus
and the anima
is often called Anima Mundi, the World Soul which surrounds cosmos,
half-human half-animal Melusina, or even Lilith. As Melusina, she is
similar to Virgo, who is often associated with the Mercurial Serpent.
As the Moon, Melusina is also compared to Venus or Aphrodite, not
unlike Mercurius. Similarly, Melusina as Lilith, is the first wife of
Adam in Paradise, whereas Mercurius is often associated with Adam
before the Fall. It is only natural to represent Mercurius as the
anima, which alchemists often did.
sun represents the masculine principle and the logical or reasonable
aspect of the mind; the moon represents the feminine principle, the
realm of dreams and the subconscious. The two united offer the means of
magical transformation — a combination of conscious desire and
become magically adept, the male and female aspects of the self must be
fully recognized and integrated. The balanced individual, fully
acknowledging the anima or animus within, is thus the HermAphrodite.
This is the true goal of the alchemist, the mixing of silver and gold,
sun and moon, within the self.